Norton Coat of Arms Study Contact: Scott Norton

http://www.nortonfamily.net/arms.htm#york


Norton Coat of Arms Study
Contact: Scott Norton snorton@nortonfamily.net

A map of England with an overlay of primary Norton arms
Click on the arms for more info.



Arms granted to Individual Nortons
Bonham Norton - Stationeer to the King
Sampson Norton - Knight, Master of the Ordinances of War to Henry VIII
Nicholas Norton b.1610 of Martha's Vineyard, MA

Norton Military Arms

 

These are primary Norton arms. Whether they are related families is unknown at this time. This study is currently putting pedigrees and localities to as many arms as possible. We are also cross-referencing DNA as more Norton families link up with these noble lines.

Richard Norton Esq.
b.abt 1495 of Kingsnorton, Worstershire

Pedigree

DNA unknown

Nourvile-Norton
Sharpenhoe
earliest date recorded is 1600

Pedigree


DNA signature for this line

Norton - Hants
earliest date recorded is 1269


Pedigree

DNA Unknown
No known male descendants

Stephen Norton 1377 - 1399
the family seat at
Norton Place, Kent

Pedigree


DNA signature for this line


This Norton family of York
Conyers Norton
Ripon, York

Pedigree


DNA signature for this line

The pedigree of Norton of Sherington was recorded at the Visitation of Buckinghamshire in 1634. The earlist known Norton of this line is Richard Norton Esq. b.abt 1495 of Kingsnorton, Worstershire

Howeverthe John Hatley Norton family displayed the Norton bend arms and claimed a relationship with the Yorkshire Norton. These arms are mixed closely with the Norton-Conyers arms.

The only family that display these arms are the Nortons of Sharpenhoe, co. Bedford, Hertford and Buckingham. This is also the Norton family that came to Guilford, Connecticut in 1639.

A pedigree done in 1632 by John Philepott, Somerset herald, sets out a linage starting with Sir Norvile who came with William I to England.

"This Genealogie of the Nortons of Sharpehow in Bedfordshire, beginninge at Noruile that married into the howse Valois, and came into England with Kinge William the Conqueror, and was his Constable; whose posteritie, long time after, assumed the English name of Norton, being the same in signification that Noruile is in French.
John Philepott, Somerset herald 1632

 

The earliest dated Norton arms are the arms of Roger de Norton, Sheriff of Norfolk in 1269, just 203 years removed from the Battle of Hastings. They are also found at Suffolk, Dorset, Hants, and Sussex.

William Norton from this family is known to have gone on the last crusade with the future Edward I of England in 1271. It accomplished very little in Syria and retired the following year after a truce."

We have a pedigree of James de Norton in Hants from about 1285.

These Nortons appear to have close associations with seafaring and trade based on ther location at early Enlish seaports in the south which makes them interesting in connection with the Nortons of the Pepperers Guild of 1180.

This line produced Sir Richard Norton(heir of Rotherfield) Sheriff of Hampshire, 1st Baronet of Rotherfield 1622
b.1582 d.July 1645
m.Amy Bilson (died before 1655 daughter of Thomas Bilson. Bishop of Winchester.)

The chevron is a distinguishing feature of this branch of Nortons.
Below are examples of Cadet Branches of this Norton line.

London, Warwick
Kent
Kent
Norton - no location Norton -
no location
Francis Norton - MA
   
Kent
   

Seal of Francis Norton

Norton Conyers as a village was established by Roger Conyers who married Margaret Norton Margaret Norton inherited a great deal of land and when she married Roger took the title "Norton" and his son was known as Adam Norton. Thereafter his decendants were variously referred to as Norton or Conyers-Norton. Link to more history of the Yorkshire Nortons
 
  Compendium of Norton Arms with pedigrees

 

Yorkshire

The arms of Conyers which is also shared by the Nortons of York. It appears that after Robert Conyers married Margaret Norton a bend was added.

Norton, [North.Umberland.] az. a maunch erm.

Norton, alias Conyers, [Yorks.] az. a maunch erm. a bendlet gu.

Norton, [Suff. and Yorks.] az. a mauuch erm. ; over all a bend gu.—Crest, a Moor's head, couped at the shoulder, ppr.

 

 

Roger Norton-Conyers


William Norton of Belingham co Worcester.

Azure a maunch ermine on a chief or a lion passant sable

Crest A tiger's head erased or in the mouth a broken spear also or
Attributed in the Harl MS 1069
(There is a Bellingham 20 miles
East of Leicester)



Old Richard Norton with his arms in the background.
az a maunch erm over all a bend gu

(Not shown)

Fletcher NORTON
Lord GRANTLEY
Baron of Markenfield, Yorks
Creation 9 April 1782
Residence Grantley Park Yorks.
az a maunch erm over all a bend gu Crest a Moor's head couped at the shoulders wreathed round the temples with ivy ppr tied ar and az Supporters dexter a lion or collared az buckled gold pendent thereto an escutcheon of the arras sinister a grifh u ar collared an escutcheon pendent thereto as the dexter Motto Avi numerantur avorum


Conyers-Norton
Norton Conyers as a village was established by Roger Conyers who married Margaret Norton
Margaret Norton inherited a great deal of land and when she married Roger Conyers, he took the title "Norton" and his son was known as Adam Norton. Thereafter his decendants were variously referred to as Norton or Conyers-Norton.
Link to more history of the Yorkshire Nortons

The original Conyers arms are az. a maunch or.

It may be that the original Norton arms belonging to Margaret Norton used a bend device that was added over the Conyers manch in Robert Conyers-Nortons arms.

However, the Sharpenhoe Nortons claim descent from the original Sir de Nourvile that came with William the Conqueror. In addition, they specified that they did not descend from the Nortons of York. Iit appears that in 1634 the Sharpenhoe Nortons devised arms derived from Norvyle and a pedigree that linked with this original line of Norvile. The Sharpenhoe Nortons had the power to make it stick, but their arms are not seen before 1600 and never outside of Sharpenhoe or London.
The John Hatley Norton family displayed the Norton bend arms and claimed a relationship with the Yorkshire Norton. These arms are mixed closely with the Norton-Conyers arms.

Roger Conyers-Norton Esq.
b.abt 1300 Durham, Eng
m. Maragret Norton daughter and heiress of Richard Norton

Norton Roger formerly CONYERs E HL bore azure a maunch ermine over all a bend gules
Shirlev j F

- Adam Norton
b.abt 1330
m. Alice NUNWICKE
  - Richard Norton
b.abt1360 Sawley, York, Eng
d.20 Dec 1420
m.Katherine Manningham
children:
John Norton b. abt 1390
Richard Norton b.abt 1388
    - Richard Norton
b.abt1388 Sawley, York, Eng
d.22 Sep 1438
m. Elizabeth Tempest
children:
Elizabeth Norton b.1415 m. Richard Goldbourogh
Margaret Norton b. 1417 m. John Stapleton Knt
John Norton b. 1427
      - John Norton
b.abt 1415 Norton Conyers, York, Eng
d. 4 Oct 1484
m. Jane Pigot
children:
John Norton b. 1458
Ann Norton b. 1465 m.Robert Wyville
        -

Sir John Norton
b.abt 1442 Norton Conyers, York, Eng
d. 27 Aug, 1520 Wath, York, Eng
m. Margaret Ward
children:
John

Henry
Margaret
Ann
Jane

          - Sir John Norton
b.abt 1469 Norton Conyers, York, Eng
d. 16 Jan, 1656
m. Ann Ratcliffe
children:
Chirstopher
Marmaduke
John
Thomas
William
Richard b.1594
Isabell
Ann
Margaret
           
-

Richard Norton Esq. (Old Richard)
b. 1494 Norton Conyers, York, Eng
d. 9 Apr, 1584 Spanish Flanders
m. Susanne Neville

Richard Norton, known as "Old Norton", was the head of his illustrious house, which remained faithful to the Catholic religion. Despite this fact he held positions of influence during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, was Governor of Norham Castle under Mary, and in 1568-69 was sheriff of Yorkshire. He had been pardoned for joining in the Pilgrimage of Grace, but he and his brother Thomas, his nine sons, of whom Christopher was the seventh, and many of their relatives hastened to take part in the northern uprising of 1569. He was attainted and fled to Flanders with four of his sons, two of his sons were pardoned, another apostatized,

children:
Katherine
Claire
Francis - the eldest, was a fugitive with his father;
John - the second, was of Ripon, was not implicated;
Edmund - the third, was ancestor of the Lords Grantly. He was not implicated;
William - the fourth, was tried with his uncle Thomas and Brother Christopher but was pardoned;
George - the fifth, was a fugitive with his father;
Thomas - the sixth, died without issue, was not implicated;
Chirstopher - the 7th, was hanged /quartered with his uncle Thomas, at Tyburn, 27 May 1570;
Marmaduke -the 8th, pleaded guilty but was pardoned and died at Stranton 4th Nov. 1594. He was kept a prisoner in the Tower, however, until 1572.
Sampson - he ninth, and youngest son, was a fugitive with his father and was at Mechlin in 1571, then a pensioner of the King of Spain.

              - Edmund Norton Esq. (Old Richard)
b. 1534 Norton Conyers, York, Eng
d. 1610
m. Cecilia Boynton
                - William Norton Esq.
b. 1555 Sawley, York, Eng
d. 26 Sep 1644
m. Margaret Welbury
                  - William Norton Esq.
b. 8 Nov 1589 Sawley, York, Eng
d. 3 Nov 1645
m. Ann Hilliard
                    - Welbury Norton Esq.
b. 27 Dec 1641 Sawley, York, Eng
d. 16 June 1706
m. Catherine Norton (daughter of Thomas Norton, Langethorn, York, Eng)
                      - Thomas Norton Esq.
b. 28 Apr 1656 Sawley, York, Eng
d.
m. Mary Fletcher
                          Thomas Norton Esq.
b.1686 Grantley, York, Eng
d. 22 Feb 1719
m. Elizabeth Sergeantson
                            Fletcher Norton Baron Markenfield
b.23 June 1716, Grantley, York, Eng
d. 1 Jan 1789
m. Grace Chapple
                        - - -    

NORTON CONYERS, in the parish of Wath, wapentake and liberty of Allertonshire; 3 miles N. of Ripon. This was once the seat of the family of the Nortons; of whom Richard Norton was Chief Justice of England, about the year 1400: from him descended Richard Norton, who, with his sons, in 1569, engaged in the religious rebellion of the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, against Queen Elizabeth, which was soon suppressed. Mr. Norton, and his sons, with many others, were executed, and the estate given to the Musgraves.

"Thee, Norton! with thine eight good sons,
"They doom'd to dye, alas! for ruth,
"Thy reverend locks thee could not save,
"Nor them their faire and blooming youth!"

Norton Conyers had been the property of the venerable Richard Norton, who with three sons, engaged in 1569, in the religious, rebellion of the earls of Northumberland and Westmorland, against Queen Elizabeth. To inspire their followers with fit enthusiasm, they put into the hands of Norton, a flag, painted with the live wounds of our Saviour. It seems to have been a second Pilgrimages of Grace like the insurrection under Aske. This was soon suppressed. Mr. Norton and his sons were executed among multitudes of others, and his estate granted to a Musgrave, who disposed of it to an ancestor of the present owner.

The location of the earliest Nortons in Yorkshire
Info is taken from the IGI. I've used just he earliest entries 1200-1500.

York East riding

The only Norton town is shown on the border with North Riding.
Norton There is 1 Norton surname in Norton 1540.

York North Riding
Thirsk has 1 Norton 1561.
Norton-Conyers is the seat of the Norton-Conyers family. This is actually Conyers DNA. Around 1350 a Roger Conyers marries Margaret Norton who inherits Norton family land. Conyers takes the surname of Norton. The Conyers line is from Durham.
There are 2 Norton in Norton-conyers 1363 and 1540.

York West Riding
Whitkirk-Rothwell-Topcliff-Dewsbury: This group of parishes have 9 Nortons,
Whitkirk = 1580, 1580, 1594,
Rothwell = 1598,
Topcliff = 1500, 1502,
Dewsbury = 1500, 1506, 1502.
Otley-Adel: 1 Norton Adel 1438
Elland-Saurby: 1 Norton, 1594
Norton- none
Doncaster:
3 Nortons in Doncaster; 1564, 1541, 1541.

Norton of Cooksditch, Faversham, Kent
The connection with the family ended when Richard Dryland, who owned the house in the late 15th century, left only two daughters. One of them, Katherine, inherited it and married Reginald Norton. An ancient carved panel bearing the Norton arms at 19 Court Street is thought to have come from Cooksditch.

Their first son, and heir, was John Norton, Mayor in 1499 and 1500. He was made a Knight of the Bath on the occasion of the marriage of Prince Arthur on 17 November 1501. He bore arms:

Azure, a maunch ermine, over all a bendlet gules

On the left in the chancel of the Parish Church is a fine stone tomb intended for his widow, Lady Jane Norton. In the event it was never used, and remains unmarked, because she re-married and was buried elsewhere.

Reginald and Katherine’s second son, William Norton (Mayor in 1527), lived in the house, but some time after his death it was sold to a Mr Parsons, who soon sold it on to a Mr Ashton.



Argent on a bend between two lions rampant sable three escallops of the field

Crest A greyhound's head or gorged with a fesse engrailed between two bars gules the fesse ringed behind of the first.
Burke's Armory
John Hatley Norton arms

note, the lions should be black

 


Arms of Robert Norton of Dublin

(Top arrow points to Norton arms. The bottom arrow points to the Conyers-Norton arms. apparently these different family's intermarried.)


Bend Arms
These arms are found in Worstershire, Buckingham and Cambridge. They are linked to the Yorkshire Nortons by the John Hatley Norton family.


Thomas Norton b.1565
of Kingsnorton (near Evesham) Worstershire
(Kings Norton was part of the King's forest in the district of Bromsgrove)
Robert Norton of Sherington, Buckinghamshire
William Norton of Sherington (Sherington is 10 miles NW of Sharpenhoe)
Christopher Norton of Hinxton, Cambridge 1619 (Sfe Harl MS 1043.)
Robert Norton of Dublin, Ireland

John Hatley Norton of London and Virginia - This family linked itself to the Yorkshire Nortons.

The pedigree of Norton of Sherington was recorded at the Visitation of Buckinghamshire in 1634.

Richard Norton Esq. b.abt 1495 of Kingsnorton, Worstershire
- unknown Norton b.abt 1625
  - Thomas Norton Esq. b.abt1565 d.1600 Elizabeth of Hingston, Cambridge and Hudson, Suffolk
Married Margaret St. Loe, only daughter of Sir William St. Loe Capt of Queen Elizabeth's Guard
    - William Norton b.abt1595 d.1642 of Sherington, Bucks and Hudson, Suffolk
Married Anne Brett, daughter of Sir John Brett Edmonton, Middlesex
      - Brett Norton Esq. b.1627 of Sherington, Bucks
Married Sarah Lamby 1647
        Margaret Norton
        - Col Robert Norton of Sherington, Bucks, Major of Shoemberg's Regt of Horse at Boyne, and a distinguished officer of Marlborough's campaign. Died in Ireland 1730
Married Anne Smithwick 26 Aug 1716 d. Dublin 1756
          - Robert Norton b.1719 d.1778
Married Sidney Sandys daughter of Patrick Sandys Esq. of Dublin
            - Brett Norton Esq. Barrister at law and one of the Commissioners of Bankrupts b.1747 d.1791
M.Bridget Eife of Donnymore, Meath, Ireland
              - Robert Norton Esq. of Dublin Barrister at law b.abt 1775
                John Norton Esq. Capt 34th Regt. Served in six campaigns under Duke of Wellington and is distinguished by his valuable inventions.
                Mary Anne Norton m. H.R. Robinson of Granard
                Bridget Sidney Norton m.William Clarke of Dublin
                Grace
2 others deceeased

Thomas Norton of Kingsnorton and ends with William Norton of Sherington who by Anne his wife daughter of Sir John Brett had issue a son Brett Norton 7 yeares ouldand upwards 1634 and a daughter Margaret JIarl MS 1102 fo 76

Kings Norton derives its name from the Norman period, meaning 'north farmland or settlement' bellonging to or held by the king,when Kings Norton was part of the King's forest in the district of Bromsgrove, however the Domesday Book records the village as 'Nortune', noting that even in Anglo-Saxon England immediately before the Conquest the land the village stood on was owned by the King. Kings Norton is now divided into several parts with the ancient centre, based around the village green, still intact.


Found in Canterbury, Kent and Sommerset

ar on a bend cottised betw two lions ramp sa three escallops or

Variation
Norton, [Somers.] ar. on a bend, cottised, betw. three lions ramp. sa. as many escallops or.

Norton, ar. on a bend, cottised, betw. two lions ramp. sa. three escallops of the first. ,



Norton of Norton in Chart Sutton
Stephen Norton
from 1377 - 1399

ar a chev betw three crescents az


Henry Norton

of CharIton, Wantage, Berkshire
Visitation of Berkshire, 1623

ar a chev betw three crescents az

also
Norton of Charlton, co.Berks Visitation 1626, 1665
ar. a chevron betw three cresents az.
Gregory Norton of Charlton, Berks Justice of the peace 1601 (Hungerford, england)


ar a chev betw three crescents az Crest out of a ducal coronet az a demi lion ramp double queued ar
SIR Gregory Norton
(c.1603-1652), MP and regicide, was the son of Henry Norton of CharIton, Wantage, Berkshire, and his wife Elizabeth, fourth daughter of William Nelson of Chaldeworth, Berkshire. He was created a baronet of Ireland 27 April 1624



Arms of
Sir Dudley Norton, Knight, Principal Secretary of State in Ireland under Charles I in 1612

Found in Kent

ar on a chev betw three lions ramp se as many bezants

Found in Kent

Norton
gules a chev erm Another ar charged with three crescents sa

Found in Kent

Cadet Branch of Norton

location not given

Norton, ar. a chev. gu. betw. three barrels sa. hooped or, standing on their bottoms.

location not given


Below is the seal of Francis Norton.
Francis Norton
bap. 29 Sep. 1602, Caddington, apprenticed in London, 19 September 1619, with William Patsill and made freeman in the London Company of Haberdashers, 16 May 1628. He had license, 2 March 1628/9 to marry widow Mary (Houghton) Phillips, daughter of Nicholas and Eleanor (Neunam) Houghton, at St. Christopher le Stocks, and emigrated to Charlestown.
children:
Francis Norton, b. 1606, of London, Middlesex, England, d. February 23, 1666/67, New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut330.
Elizabeth Norton, b. Abt. 1614, , , England, d. date unknown, Y.
Sarah Norton, b. Abt. 1617, , , England, d. date unknown, Y.
Debora Norton, b. Abt. 1623, of Piscataqua, Hillsboro, New Hampshire, d. date unknown, Y.
Abigail Norton, b. 1631, of Piscataqua, Hillsboro, New Hampshire, d. 1674.
.

Click for a larger picture.

This is a reproduction of a seal with the signature of Francis Norton.

Seal of Francis Norton Sr.


Stephen Norton from 1377 - 1399
NORTON-PLACE
is an antient manor and mansion in this parish, though now and for many years since made use of only as a farm-house, situated about half a mile northward from Chart-place. It was antiently the property and residence of the family of Norton, to whom it gave name; and in the south windows of this church there were formerly the essigies of Stephen Norton, who lived in king Richard II.'s reign, with his arms, Argent, a chevron between three crescents azure, on his tabard or surcoat, and Philipott says that he had found in a tournament of the Kentish gentlemen one of this name, in a tabard of the arms above-mentioned, encountering one Christmas, of East Sutton, not far distant, who was in like manner habited in a surcoat charged with his arms, expressive of his name, viz. Gules, upon a bend sable, three wassail bowls, or; which coat was likewise depicted in the south windows of Sutton church.

But the partitions inherent to gavelkind, so diminished the patrimony of this family, that in the reign of queen Elizabeth, and afterwards, they were obliged to sell off several parts of it at different times, all which came at length into the possession of Sir Ed ward Hales, created a baronet in 1611, whose grandson and heir of the same name in 1660 purchased of the two coheirs of the family of Norton, married to Denne and Underwood, the seat itself, with the remainder of the land belonging to it, by a fine then levied by them and their husbands for that purpose. His trustees about the year 1670, conveyed it, with the manor of Sutton Valence and Chart before-mentioned, and sundry other premises, to Sir William Drake, of Amersham, with which it was in like manner sold, about the year 1708, to Sir Christopher Desbouverie, whose daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Bouverie, of Teston, after the death of her two brothers, and a partition of her father's estates between herself and her sister, is now entitled to it.

In the reign of Elizabeth there were five guilds in Maidstone viz the artificers the victuallers the drapers the mercers and the cordwainers Stephen Norton of a family anciently seated at Norton Place Chart Sutton belonged to the Maidstone guild of artificers in 1474. It was probably his son of the same name who was a noted bell founder in the time of Henry VII and Henry VIII and who was buried in All Saints Church A bell with his name upon it still hangs in the church tower of Chisel borough in Somerset.


The following is submitted by ‘Abba Seraphim’ Metropolitan of Glastonbury within the British Orthodox Church, part of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.

The ancient arms of the Norton family of Chart Sutton, near Maidstone, Kent, are agent, a chevron between three crescents azure.
Strangely they are recorded in pedigrees and Visitations outside the county of Kent, firstly in the Middlesex Pedigrees collected by Richard Mundy in Harleian Ms. No. 1551, fo. 79 made sometime after 1624 and, secondly, in the Berkshire Visitation made in 1623 by Henry Chitting (Chester Herald) and John Philipot (Somerset Herald),
Ms. Ashmole 852, pp. 278 & 279.

In the former the family is represented by ‘Stephen Norton of London’ and in the latter by Gregory Norton of Charlton in Wantage, Berkshire, who was created a baronet of Ireland on 27 April 1624. However, the Visitation of Kent taken in 1574 by Robert Cooke, Clarenceaux King of Arms, lists the arms of Norton as one of the quarterings of the Samson family derived from ‘Joane daughter and Coheire of Norton of the Manner of Norton.’ There is also a monumental brass of Paul Iden (“Pawle Yden”) in the Sydney Chapel of Penshurst Church. Dating from 1514 this includes a quartering of the Norton arms which the Iden family inherited and passed on to their descendants, one of whom was the poet, P. B. Shelley. John Philipot’s manuscript notes, from about 1603 (Harleian Ms. 3917) also lists the Norton arms as one of those inherited by the Iden family.

Writing in 1776 Thomas Philipot, the antiquary and author of Villare Cantianum states that within the confines of the parish of Chart Sutton “there is an ancient manor and mansion called Norton Place … which gave name to as ancient a family as any in this track.” He also states that in the south windows of the church there were effigies of Stephen Norton, “who flourished in King Richard II’s time” and that he had found one of his name depicted in an armorial tabard of the Norton arms in a tournament of Kentish gentlemen.

If we are to give credence to Thomas Philipot’s chronology we are dealing with the period 1377-1399 when Stephen Norton, the celebrated Kentish bell founder and ancestor of the Chart Sutton Nortons was known to be extant. During the fifteenth century the Nortons continued to play a significant part in local affairs: ‘Stephen Norton of Chart, gentleman’ being listed among those who took part in Jack Cade’s rebellion of 1450.

Cadet branches – some being designated as yeomen – sprang up in nearby Boughton Monchelsea, Sutton Valence, Smarden, Borden, Egerton, Biddenden, Pluckley and Bedthersden. By the early seventeenth century the senior branch was ruined through the partition of their lands according to the peculiarly Kentish law of gavelkind, though a cadet branch achieved a baronetcy in the person of Sir Gregory Norton (1594-1652). He also achieved notoriety as one of the judges who sat at the trial of King Charles I and as a signatory of the king’s death warrant. Although rewarded with the former royal palace of Sheen, it was restored to the Crown at the Restoration; whilst his son, Sir Henry Norton, a Royalist, was disinherited by his father and died in obscurity, when the baronetcy is presumed to have become extinct. It is at this time that the Norton crest first appears in the 1623 Visitation of Berkshire, being described as out of a ducal coronet azure, a demi-lion rampant, double queued, argent.

On 27 June 1990 His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, as Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England, issued his warrant authorising the Kings of Arms to grant arms to the late Henry George Norton, gentleman (born at Ashford, Kent 1873; died at London 1944) and his descendants, who was himself descended from a cadet branch of the Chart Sutton Nortons. After the lapse in the use of arms for so many generations suitable differences were required as marks of cadency. This is often done by the alteration or reversal of colours or by the transposition or substitution of charges, though still enabling the original arms to be recognisable.

By Letters Patent dated 1 August 1991 Garter Principal King of Arms (Sir Alexander Colin Cole) and Norroy & Ulster King of Arms (John Brooke-Little) granted to Henry George Norton (1873-1944) and his descendants the following arms: azure a chevron between two bells in chief and a crescent in base gold and for a crest, in a crest coronet or a demi-lion double queued azure holding in the dexter paw a bell gold. It will be seen that the 1991 grant is a reversal of colours and metals with the substitution of gold for silver and of bells for two of the crescents, but is still clearly recognisable as the arms of Norton (ancient). In the crest the Kings of Arms have again replaced silver with gold and reversed the sequence of colours and metals, differencing the double-tailed demi-lion by giving him a golden bell. The introduction of the bells is an allusion to the three surviving bells of Stephen Norton the bell founder and also provides a link between shield and crest which was not previously there.

click for a larger version


In the same Letters Patent the Kings of Arms also granted to the Reverend William Henry Hugo Newman-Norton (born 1948), grandson of Henry George Norton (1873-1944) the heraldic badge, a seraph or visaged proper, being an illusion to his religious name as ‘Abba Seraphim’ Metropolitan of Glastonbury within the British Orthodox Church, part of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.



Nicholas Norton
  Richard Norton
    Willilam Norton
      Stephen Norton
        Thomas Norton
          Stephen (Robert) Norton
"Stephen Norton of Boughton Monchelsea (died 1500) left his “principle messuage in Boughton in which I now dwell”, which we can assume is Wyarton (Wierton) House, to his son George Norton"
- - - - - -

George Norton
b.abt 1485

           

William Norton
b.abt 1515

             

John Norton of Wyarton and his wife, Joan St. Leger.
b.abt 1540
m.Dorthy Farnefold

Visitation of Berkshire, 1623 ' (vol. ii. p. 116, Harl. Soc.) ?
In the pedigree of Norton of Charleton, in the parish of Wantage, Gregory is said to be son of Henry Norton (eldest son of John Norton of Wierton, in the parish of Boughton Monchelsea, co. Kent) by Elizabeth, dau. of William Nelston of Chadleworth, . Berks, and nephew to Sir Dudley Norton, Knt:, the King's Secretary in Ireland. Inasmuch as in the patent of his creation to the baronetcy in 1624 he is styled " Gre- gory Norton of Charlton, co. Berks," there can be no doubt of the identity.

                Henry Norton of CharIton, Wantage, Berkshire
b.abt 1573
m.Elizabeth, fourth daughter of William Nelson of Chaldeworth, Berkshire.
                  SIR Gregory NORTON, (c.1603-1652), of Buckinghamshire, MP and regicide.
bapt. 15 December 1594
m. Martha Drew, 6 February 1590 Merton, Surrey, daughter of Bradshaw Drew of Densworth near Chichester, Sussex.

Baronet of Ireland on 27 April 1624
                    -- Gregory Norton
bapt.14 February 1622 Wantage
d 1652, shortly before his father
                      Henry Norton,disinherited because of his opposition to the king's trial and execution.
bapt. 2 January 1632 was recorded at Saint Andrew, Holborn
d.
m. Mabella, daughter of Sir Richard Norton, 1st baronet of Rotherfield, in the Parish of East Tisted, Hampshire. 14 October 1656 at St. Margaret's, Westminster,
(Although sharing a surname and a baronetcy dating from 1622, the two families were previously unconnected.)
                      Elizabeth Norton
b.1621 age is given as 2 in the 1623 Berkshire Visitation
                  - Horden Norton
bapt. 23 April 1593
d. infant?
               

Sir Dudley Norton, Knight, Principal Secretary of State in Ireland under Charles I in 1612.
b.
m.Margaret MASTERSON, the daughter of Sir Thomas MASTERSON
her first marriage was to Roger MAINWARING.

Arms argent on a chevron azure between three crescents of the second a crescent of the first for difference impaling ermine a chevron azure between three garbs or

The HonH Sr Dudly Norton Knt principal Secretary to the State and one of the privie Councell departed this mortall Life the 27 1 of July 1634. He had to Wife Margr Dr of Sr Thomas Masterson of Fearnes in the County of Waxford K by whome he had Issue, Dudly Norton his only son who hath to Wife Katherin Dr of Capt Hercie Wolferstou of Statfould Esq in Staffordshire by whome he hath Issue Henry Norton. She was relict of John Bromfeild of Bullthornes in Staffordshire. Margaret wife of S Dudly Norton before mar to Roger Manneringe sometime Remebrancer of the Exchequer of Ireland. S Dudly Norton was buried in tlie Choire of Christ Church Dublin y 30th of July. source Miscellanea Genealogica Et Heraldica

                   

Dudley Norton
b.
m. Katherin Daughter of Capt Hercie Wolferstou of Statfould Esq in Staffordshire by whome he hath Issue Henry Norton She was relict of John Bromfeild of Bullthornes in Staffordshire.

                      Henry Norton source Miscellanea Genealogica Et Heraldica
                    - Robert Norton
b.1719
d.1778 (The above Henry Norton is listed as an only son. Not sure where this reference came from)
m. Sidney Sandys daughter of Patrick Sandys Esq. of Dublin
                Francis Norton
baptized
20 October 1578at Boughton Monchelsea
m.Dorthy Farnefold
                Sibyl Norton, of Boughton Monchelsea”
m. 29 August 1584 Robert Perce of Egerton at St. Margaret's, Canterbury
                Elizabeth Norton
baptised
9 January 1574/5 at Boughton Monchelsea
           

Thomas Norton Chepsted, Kent
We have the will of Thomas Norton of Chipstead dated 1479/80 and can verify that he is the father of Alexander Norton of Gouldhurst & Borden, gentleman, who died 1513-15; John Norton of Tonbridge, gentleman, who died 1525/6 although no mention is made of the third son, Thomas Norton of Chipstead. His existence, however, can be verified by the 1513 will of Alexander Norton of Gouldhurst.

Thomas Norton of “Chepstead” inaccurately gives him as son of the elder of the two siblings called Stephen Norton, whereas he was the son of John Norton of Borden, who died 1471/2. Thomas Norton actually describes himself as “of Borden” in his will of 1479/80 and makes no reference to any property in Chipstead, which is in Chevening near Sevenoaks in the west of the county.

              Alexander Norton of Gouldhurst & Borden, gentleman, who died 1513-15
                John Norton attained ob. s.p.
              John Norton of Tonbridge, gentleman, who died 1525/6
                Thomas Norton ob. s.p. of Newington next Sittingbourne
We also have the 1566 will of Thomas Norton of Newington next Sittingbourne, who describes himself as “one of the sons and heirs of John Norton, late of the parish of Tonbridge … gent, deceased.” He refers to Martin Drew of Tonbridge, who married his sister Ursula Norton, who is merely an unnamed female in the Midlesex pedigree. He refers to his “wellbeloved cousin” Edward Norton and lists his daughters, Katherine and Judith, who are unnamed in the Middlesex pedigree.
              Thomas Norton
m. ---- of Tooth of Chepsted
                John Norton ob. s.p.
                Edward Norton of Newington in Kent
m. Christian daughter of Richard Norton and Cossen of Sir John Norton Kt.
                  Stephen Norton of London
m. Joane daughter of John Martin of Paddock, Kent
It has not been possible so far to trace Stephen Norton of London although he is named in the 1566 will of Thomas Norton of Newington and again in the 1573 will of his maternal grandfather, Richard Norton of Halstow, gent. In this will it is clear that he is under 21 in 1573. There is no will for him and we know nothing about his occupation or where he lived.
                    Thomas Norton
John Norton
Elizabeth Norton
Mary Norton
Jane Norton
                  John Norton
Edward Norton’s son, John Norton (whom the pedigree notes as having died without issue) appears in a baptismal entry in the registers of Newington next Sittingbourne for August 1564, followed by a burial entry for September 1564.
                  Thomas Norton
m. Ellen Widow of Hugh Yardley
Another son mentioned in the pedigree, is Thomas Norton, who married Ellen, widow of Hugh Yardley. His baptismal entry appears in the Newington registers for December 1568.
                  Elizabeth Norton
Elizabeth Norton, was baptised at Newington in 1565. She married firstly, Valentine French at Davington in 1585 and secondly, Edward Whitegreve at Canterbury in 1598 and died herself in 1636.
                           
          Stephen Norton of the mannor of Norton”,
This refers to Stephen Norton of Chart next Sutton Valence (who died in 1509) whose daughter, Elizabeth, married her cousin Thomas Norton of Smarden in about 1509/10.

Stephen Norton “of the mannor of Norton” (who died in 1509/10), is incorrectly shown as the son of Thomas Norton when we know from the extant wills that his father was Stephen Norton of Sutton Valence (who died 1476/7).
            Elizabeth Norton
m. Thomas Norton of Smarden in about 1509/10.
Elizabeth Norton and Thomas Norton of Smarden are shown as having a sole son, Allexander Norton, who is not mentioned in the will of his paternal grandfather, Stephen Norton the elder of Smarden (died 1522/3). The only son mentioned is Anthony Norton although Thomas Norton’s will (1518) refers to “the maintenance of my sons at school” and provides that “if they all die” his money should be divided evenly between his brothers. The 1516 will of Margaret Lambe, a servant and probably a kinswoman to Thomas and Elizabeth Norton, makes bequests of pewter dishes to Elienore, Avice and John Norton, who are most probably the eldest children of Thomas and Elizabeth Norton. If this surmise is correct Anthony Norton, the second and only surviving son was born after August 1516 and before August 1518.
                           
                        -  

NORTON, SIR Gregory (c.1603-1652), MP and regicide, was the son of Henry Norton of CharIton, Wantage, Berkshire, and his wife Elizabeth, fourth daughter of William Nelson of Chaldeworth, Berkshire. He was created a baronet of Ireland 27 April 1624, aged about twenty-one, probably through the influence of his uncle, Sir Dudley Norton, secretary for Ireland, and admitted to Gray's Inn in 1629, being a contemporary there of John Bradshaw [q.v.], who was to preside over the king's trial, John Cook [q.v.], who was to prosecute the king, and John Alured the regicide [q.v.]. From then until the end of 1640 at least he resided at Hampdens Manor, Penn, Buckinghamshire, moving in 1640 to West Thomey near Chichester in Sussex.

He achieved notoriety as one of the judges who sat at the trial of King Charles I and as a signatory of the king’s death warrant. Although rewarded with the former royal palace of Sheen, it was restored to the Crown at the Restoration; whilst his son, Sir Henry Norton, a Royalist, was disinherited by his father and died in obscurity, when the baronetcy is presumed to have become extinct. It is at this time that the Norton crest first appears in the 1623 Visitation of Berkshire, being described as out of a ducal coronet azure, a demi-lion rampant, double queued, argent.

He was JP for West Sussex from 1640 until his death, and was elected MP for Midhurst in a by- election to the Long Parliament in 1645, his fellow-MP being William Cawley the regicide [q.v.]. There is evidence of their closely co-ordinating their activities. As a prominent parishioner of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Norton was also a member of the committee for the City of Westminster, along with his close friend and relation, Humphrey Edwardes, the regicide [q.v.].

Though not a commanding presence in the House, Norton was a devoted committee man. He served in the committee concerning accounts within weeks of election as an MP, later joining the committee for martial law and the committee for Irish affairs, at which he attended assiduously, becoming a major figure. After Pride's Purge, Norton's importance in the Commons increased dramatically: He was immediately added to the committee for the revenue and the committee for compounding. On 23 December 1648 he joined the committee for proceedings against the king, the first of the Commons committees which laid the groundwork for the king's trial and execution. On 6 January he attended the first of the sessions of the high court of justice preparatory to the trial, and then attended most sittings of the court. He was present when" sentence was pronounced against the king, and signed the death-warrant. He then served on committees to set up a republican government and abolish kingship and the House of Lords. He continued to serve on increasing numbers of parliamentary committees until his death 26 March 1652.


The following is submitted by ‘Abba Seraphim’ Metropolitan of Glastonbury within the British Orthodox Church, part of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.

Chapter 7
POOR SCOUNDREL REGICIDE

Gregory Norton was the second and only surviving son of Henry Norton1 of the cadet line of Wyarton in the Parish of Boughton Monchelsea. His mother was Elizabeth, fourth daughter of William Nelson2, gentleman, of Chaddleworth, Berkshire, Chief Protonotary of the County Palatine of Lancashire. Henry Norton and Elizabeth married at Merton, Surrey on 6 February 1590, where their sons, Horden3 and Gregory were baptised on 23 April 1593 and 15 December 1594 respectively. Henry Norton is subsequently described as ‘of Wantage, Berks’, Chaddleworth being a parish situated about six miles south of Wantage on the road to Hungerford. When the heralds, Chitting and Philipott, conducted their Visitation of Berkshire in 1623 Gregory Norton, described as ‘of Charlton in Wantage’, duly registered his arms.
By that date Gregory Norton was married to Martha4, widow of John Gunter5 and daughter of Bradshaw Drew, gentleman, of Densworth in East Ashling, a tithing in the parish of Funtington, Sussex,6 and they had five children, Gregory, who was baptised at Wantage on 14 February 1622; Elizabeth (whose age is given as 2 in the 1623 Berkshire Visitation); Henry, who was baptized at Saint Martin-in-the-Fields on 4 May 1629; a second Henry (the first presumably having died in infancy) whose baptism of 2 January 1632 was recorded at Saint Andrew, Holborn on 8 January as “out of Edward Parry’s house near George Yard” and Grisell Valentia7, who was baptized at Funtington on 26 May 1637 and buried there on 15 June 1637.

Through his uncle, Sir Dudley Norton, Gregory Norton had connections which offered him some hope of preferment. In 1611 King James I had instituted the new hereditary rank of baronet with the sole objective of raising money to support troops in Ulster. The ‘honour’ cost the first recipients £1,095 and entitled them to the prefix Sir with precedence above knights.8 Finding this a lucrative source of income, King James created a baronetage of Ireland on 30 September 1619. Gregory Norton was created an Irish baronet “by patent dated 27 April 1624, at Dublin, the Privy Seal being 20 February 1623/4 at Westminster.”
Admitted to Gray's Inn on 3 August 1629 he was a contemporary there of John Bradshaw (1602-1659), John Cook (died 1660) and John Allured (1607-1651), all of who was to become prominent parliamentarians. In 1639 the Council of State tried to obtain financial support from Sir Gregory to assist in the suppression of the Scottish rebels,
“The King has gone in person to resist the dangerous rebellion in Scotland which threatens the peace & safety of this kingdom. All the nobility and many other persons of quality do readily assist him, some in their persons others with considerable sums of money, whereof we do hereby give you notice, that you may also lay hold on this occasion to express yr. Fidelity & good affection, and you will do very well to signify forthwith your resolution to this board, from whence his Majesty will understand the same.”9

At this period he resided at Hampden's Manor, Penn, Buckinghamshire but in 1640 he obtained the Manor of Aglands, West Thorney, near Chichester, Sussex, when he also became a Justice of the Peace for West Sussex and in 1642 Receiver for Midhurst and Chichester. On 19 October 1643 he was given a commission to raise a hundred men in Sussex for the defence of the Isle of Wight and in 1644 both Gregory and Martha were on the island, where they had property. On 20 June 1644 he was one of several parliamentary supporters added to the Committee for the Isle of Wight. It is recorded that the Rev. Aaron Crosfield was brought before this committee for saying that “he that would not join with Prince Rupert against Parliament was a traitor and a rebel.” The parson was shut out of his church by some of his parishioners “who desired to hear an honest and godly man sent to them by Parliament.” Crosfield sent for his surplice and preached to a small congregation, while the “honest godly man” addressed a large audience in the school-house. For the benefit of Lady Martha these sermons were privately repeated in her home, enraging Crosfield’s supporters, who threatened to demolish her mansion.10 In 1645 he entered parliament in a by-election and served in the Long Parliament as one of the two members for Midhurst in Sussex. Robert Temple11 observes that although Sir Gregory Norton was not “a commanding presence” in the House, he “was a devoted committee man.” He served on the committee concerning accounts within weeks of his election and later joined the committees for martial law and Irish affairs, which he attended assiduously, becoming a major figure. Following Pride's Purge, his importance in the Commons increased dramatically and he was immediately co-opted to the committees concerning Accounts, Irish Affairs and for Martial Law. After Pride’s Purge of 1648 (when some 140 M.P’s were excluded) he remained with the Rump and joined the committees for Revenue and Compounding.

His political connections, made it inevitable that on 23 December 1648 he would be drawn onto the committee for proceedings against the king, the first of the Commons committees which laid the groundwork for the king's trial and execution. John Bradshaw (1602-1659), who presided at the trial; John Cook (died 1660), chief prosecutor and John Alured (1607-1651), the regicide, were all contemporaries from his days at Gray's Inn. Among the other regicides, Humphrey Edwards (died 1658) was a close personal friend and William Cawley (1602-1666?) was his fellow M.P. for Midhurst. On 6 January he attended the first of the sessions of the high court of justice preparatory to the trial and then attended all but two days of the trial. He was present when sentence was pronounced against the king and signed the death warrant12 which also sealed the ruination of his line and ensured his place among the infamous in history. William Winstanley referred to him as

"One whose means was not answerable to his Title, being one of the Pensioners to the King, who ungratefully for the lucre of money joyned also in the King's murther, and had by his fellow Regicides for his service, as good as given Richmond Manner and House."

Another, anonymous writer, also attributes dishonourable motives to his actions,

"This beggerly Knight had been one of the Pensioners to the King, and in return for the Bread he had eaten and being kept from Starving, became one of his Murders, sitting in the Court to try him, and signing the Warrant for Execution.

For this diabolical Action, he was rewarded with Richmond House and Mannor. He escap'd the more proper Reward for his Villainy, an Halter, by dying before the Restoration." 13

John Evelyn, the diarist, has an entry under 28 October 1653 which refers to “that cursed woman cald the Lady Norton, of whom it was reported, that she spit in our King’s face, as he went to the Scaffold, indeede her talke & discourse was like an impudent woman.” However, the attribution of this act to Lady Martha is questioned by the diary’s editor.14
His service to the Commonwealth did not end here and he served on committees to set up a republican form of government and to abolish both the House of Lords and the monarchy.15 For these services, on 10 September 1645, he was awarded a thousand pounds “out of such papists’ and delinquents’ estates, not yet discovered, as he shall discover” and that he should hold and enjoy Sir Roger Palmer’s sequestered house at Charing Cross for which the Committee of Sequestrations should pay to the landlord the yearly rent of twenty-five pounds. The money was not immediately forthcoming but he was eventually paid from a confiscation made after he reported a concealment in compounding by Sir Henry Hastings, a Royalist. His avaricious spirit can be gauged by the fact that he took too much and, after his death, Lady Martha was required to repay some £516. He also acquired the tenancy of Manor of Oatlands Park near Weybridge16 and after the king’s execution he obtained Richmond Palace at Sheen, Surrey and much of its furnishings. This was first sold on 12 April 1650 by the Commissioners of the House of Commons for £13,562 0s.6d. to a three-man consortium comprising Thomas Rokeby, William Goodrick and Adam Baynes on behalf of themselves and other creditors and then purchased by Sir Gregory Norton, the materials being valued at £10,782.19s.2d.17 Mark Noble expressed the widely accepted view of these transactions,

"As a reward for this nefarious butchery, he was gratified with Richmond Palace, and much of his Majesty's furniture, at a very inconsiderable price … He appears to have had his slender fidelity overcome with the prospect of dividing the royal plunder, which the king's enemies shared with great rapacity amongst them". 18

Richmond Palace had been rebuilt magnificently by Henry VII following a fire which had destroyed the more modest royal manor. Although situated at Sheen, Henry VII had named it after his former earldom and pictures show it as comprising three floors, with numerous bays and turrets and crowned with fourteen bulbous cupolas. The Spanish ambassador marvelled because it contained “more rooms and better than the Alcazar of Madrid – the crowds in them are so great as to be hardly contained” as well as eighteen kitchens. Its central features were a hall and a chapel, each a hundred feet long and all richly carved and ornamented.19 Sir Gregory and Lady Norton must have found its empty vastness strange and unsettling.

However, recent research suggests it is likely that Sir Gregory did not use the palace as a splendid residence but instead, turned it into a stone quarry. John Cloake20 thinks it probable that Sir Gregory bought only the lordship of the manor of Richmond and part of the brick buildings facing Richmond Green and the outer court. A near contemporary observer asserts that “Henry Carter of Richmond was the first puller-down of the King’s house there and sold the stone and material of the house to the value of £2000 and upwards.” It seems that Carter acquired title to the stone buildings, which comprised among other things, the Privy Lodgings, the Chapel and the Hall. Cloake has traced through the Manor Court rolls and books for this period evidence that demolition was in progress by October 1651 and disputes over the rights of the inhabitants were numerous.

Richmond Palace

If he was well rewarded for his services to the new order, in his family life he was sorely tried. His eldest son and heir, Gregory Norton, had shown promise. He was admitted as a Fellow Commoner at Jesus College, Cambridge, on 1 March 1637/8 and matriculated but he had died in 1652. His younger brother, Henry, now became the heir. Although he was to follow closely his father in his career, being admitted to Gray's Inn on 10 March 1657/8 and elected as Member of Parliament for Petersfield in 1659 21, he did not share his father’s political sympathies. In his will, Sir Gregory refers to “my unnaturall & disobedient sonn Henrie Norton” whose only share in the inheritance is the redemption of heavily mortgaged land in Penn “to the end that he payinge the money due upon the said mortgage may enjoy the said land unto him and his heires.” By contrast the residue of his lands was settled upon his executor, the regicide Humphrey Edwards, who is described as “my most lovinge and deare friend.” His will, which was dated 12 March 1652, was obviously made in preparation for his death as he was buried in Richmond Church on 26 March 1652, although Lady Martha was in France, at Poitiers, when he died.22 Probate of the will was granted to Lady Martha Norton on 24 September 1652.
According to Robert Temple, Lady Martha was hounded under the Protectorate by the commissioners for compounding, who persecuted many republican MPs. On 20 October 1655 at St. Paul’s Church, Covent Garden, she married Robert Gordon, 4th Viscount Kenmure (1622-1663). Kenmure was an active Royalist and in 1649 the Commission of Assembly ordered that he “satisfie in the Kirk of Leith for his fornication committed there, at least on[e] day.” In 1650 he had held Kenmure Castle for some time against the Parliamentary forces and was taken a prisoner at Worcester in September 1651. In July 1653 he joined Glencairn's rising on behalf of the Prince of Wales and a price of £200 was set on his head. However, he received good terms from General Monck in 1654 and was able to return to London and marry. He suffered much on account of his loyalty to the king and was excepted from Cromwell’s Act of Grace, 1654. Shortly after marrying Lady Martha she conveyed to him the manors and advowsons of Stokenham Rectory in South Devon, Clymsland Prior and Landulph in Cornwall which had been settled on her by Sir Gregory Norton, so that in 1656 Sir Henry Norton was obliged to sue his mother and Viscount Kenmure for their return. During this Chancery suit she was referred to as “very selfish.” The court ordered that the money raised by the sale of her lands, which had been used by Sir Gregory to buy Richmond Palace, should be repaid to Lord Kenmure. Here he also vandalized the property by “taking away the waincote, bords, locks, & windowes.” He and Martha appeared to have separated and he retired to Greenlaw in Berwick and died in 1663 without issue.

At the death of Sir Gregory Norton in 1652 the baronetcy passed to his only surviving son. On 14 October 1656 at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, Sir Henry Norton married Mabella, daughter of Sir Richard Norton, 1st baronet of Rotherfield, in the Parish of East Tisted, Hampshire. Although sharing a surname and a baronetcy dating from 1622, the two families were previously unconnected.23 Lady Mabella’s father, Sir Richard Norton (1582-1645), was a former Sheriff of Hampshire (1613-14) and M.P. for Petersfield (1621-22) who was created a baronet in 1622. He was a sufferer in the royal cause and was imprisoned in July 1644 as well as fined £1,000, although this was later reduced to £500. The family were staunch royalists, his eldest son, Sir Richard Norton (1619-1652), the 2nd baronet, was compounded for his delinquency by a fine of £100 in 1645, and his second son, Sir John Norton (1620-1687), the 3rd baronet, had also suffered in the Royal cause.
Sir Gregory Norton was fortunate not to have survived until the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 as the few regicides still living were executed and Parliament directed that the leading figures (Bradshaw, Cromwell and Ireton), though dead, should be exhumed from Westminster and “hanged in their coffins at Tyburn” before having their heads exposed in Westminster Hall and their corpses reburied beneath the scaffold.24 Although his corpse was left in peace, Sir Gregory’s name was inserted in the bill of indemnity, by which all misappropriated property was restored to the crown.
It appears that the lordship of the Manor of Richmond, which Sir Gregory Norton bequeathed to Humphrey Edwards in 1652, subsequently passed to Dame Martha Norton in 1655, possibly paid for by Viscount Kenmure, who is listed jointly as lord of the manor in 1656. By 1657, however, Sir Henry Norton was lord of the manor and was living in part of the palace comprising three distinct buildings: one next to the gate; another in the Wine Cellar Court built at right angles to the line of the wall and projecting well forward of the Gate House and the third comprising a long range, almost level in front with the end of the second, which contained what were still in 1660 called the Prince’s Chambers and which stood on the site of what is now Maids of Honour Row. These buildings were decayed and around 1658 Sir Henry let them at an annual rent of £20 to Mr. Walter Long who, “having some of his children sick in London was advised by his physicians to go to Richmond to take benefit of that Aire for their recovery.”

At the Restoration the manor reverted to the crown and was formally restored to Queen Henrietta Maria – to whom it had been granted originally in 1627 - by a resolution of Parliament on 23 June 1660. In July 1660 King Charles II issued a life grant to Edward Villiers of the offices of “Keeper of West Sheen House als Richmond, with the wardrobe, gardens and green thereto belonging, Keeper of the Park, lodges and game, also Steward of the Court Leet there, Keeper of the late Monastery of Sheen, Steward of the said Manor and Keeper of the Court Baron there.” Mr. Long submitted a petition explaining that he had already laid out about £400 in repairs on the property leased from Sir Henry, although he had not yet moved in. He was unsuccessful in obtaining a crown lease and it is not known whether he received any compensation for the work he had undertaken.25

After the Restoration both Viscountess Kenmure and Sir Henry Norton set about trying to salvage something of the estates held by Sir Gregory Norton, which were now confiscated by the crown. Throughout 1660-1662 they petitioned repeatedly but without success. In September 1660 Lady Mabella petitioned for the restoration of £300, recovered by Sir Henry “at the expense of her portion of £2,000” out of Sir Gregory’s estate. She recited her own royalist connections and referred to her father-in-law “who had his hands dyed in the blood of the late King and disinherited her husband because he abhored such deeds.”

In October 1660 Viscount Kenmure, who the previous year had been imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle but escaped, petitioned the crown for the restoration of the Devon and Cornwall estates. However, whilst this was under consideration Nicholas Delves, a citizen of London and a Merchant Taylor, made a counter petition. He explained that he had lent £350 to Sir Henry Norton on a bond of £700 because he had often heard that his father had disinherited his “for affection to His Majesty.” The Manor and Rectory of Stokenham had been offered as security but not only had it been “forfeited by the treason of Sir Henry’s father” but he had now learned that “it is regranted to Sir Henry, who has taken it in another name, which will endanger his money.” Delves asked that Sir Henry should either pay the debt or that the lands should be granted to him. In December 1661 it was ordered that either no grant of the Manor and Rectory of Stokenham should be made until Sir Henry Norton secured or paid Delves the outstanding debt, or that the grant to Sir Henry should be made in his own name so that the land might be liable for the debt. In March 1662 there is recorded a grant to Sir John Norton and two others of the Rectory of Stokenham “with all lands etc. belonging thereto except the advowson of the church, now in the king's hands, by forfeiture of Sir Gregory Norton, deceased.” 26 Presumably this marked the successful outcome of their endeavours as Lysons, Magna Brittanica records,

"The Manor of Stokenham Priory belonged to Sir Gregory Norton, Bart., one of the Regicides. In 1685 Sir Henry Norton, of Stokenham, brother of Sir John Norton, Bart., of Rotherfield, in Hampshire, bequeathed this estate to his nephew, Henry Nelson, Esq., son of William Nelson, Esq., of Chaddleworth, Berks. It was purchased of Norton Nelson, Esq., by the Holdsworth family, and is now the property of A.H. Holdsworth Esq." 27

In her will dated 1670-71, Martha Gordon, Dowager Viscountess Kenmure, left her lands in Chichester and her barn with sixteen acres “called Dremeo in Bridham” (Deanes in Birdham) to her “kinsman” William Nelson of Chaddleworth and the remainder of her land to her son, Sir Henry Norton of Stockenham, Devon, who was named as executor and was therefore reconciled to his mother.

Peter Ellacott’s excellent study of Martha Drew and the families with which she was connected raises the question of whether any descendants of Sir Henry Norton survived. His own wife is a descendant of the Victorian architect, John Norton, and preserved a “family tradition” that Sir Gregory and Lady Martha are “numbered among their ancestors.” Although Sir Henry Norton vanishes from the historical records, apparently without trace, there is no reference to his having any children. Furthermore, it seems highly improbable that he would have bequeathed his lands at Stockenham to his Nelson cousins if he had left any descendants himself. The Complete Baronetage merely records that Sir Henry Norton was living 31 December 1661 but then states that “nothing further is known of him; but at his death, say about 1690, the Baronetcy is presumed to have become extinct.”

 

 

 



Hants
vert a lion ramp or
Crest, a Moor's head, couped at the shoulders, ppr.

Norton, [Portsmouth]
vert, a lion ramp. or.
Crest, a Moor's head, side-faced, ppr. bound about the forehead with a fillet, wreathed and tied in a knot, ar. az. and gu.


Richard Norton of Rotherfield Hants

quarterly first and fourth vert a lion ramp or second az on a fesse gu betw six cross crosslets or three escallops of the last, third az a fesse nebula betw three crescents or

Crest a Moor's head couped at the shoulders ppr

The quartering of the Rotherfield Nortons has 1st and 4th positons Norton, 2nd White and 3rd Rotherfield.


Rotherfield.
Azure a fesse wavy between three crescents or.

 


Roger de Norton, Sheriff of Norfolk 1269.
Just 203 years removed from the Battle of Hastings. They are also found at Suffolk, Dorset, Hants, and Sussex.

Dorset Sheriff- Edward IV - Tho Norton arms - V a lion rampant motto - O alibi Arg
The History of the Worthies of England By Thomas Fuller

Dorset Sheriff- Henry VII - Sampson Norton arms - V a lion rampant motto - O alibi Arg
The History of the Worthies of England By Thomas Fuller

They are also found in Hants, quartered onSir Richard Norton(heir of Rotherfield) Sheriff of Hampshire, 1st Baronet of Rotherfield 1622.

To the list of Nobles &c in this County of the reign of Hen VII I shall add a few accidentally omitted from other authorities and also such of those who had their first rise and notice about the time of the visitation taken in 1575 as are now or within memory have been remaining.

Norton of Rotherfield. This was a very ancient family They seem to have taken their rise from Norton Manor in the neighbouring parish of Selborne.
Ralph de Norton was Sheriff of the county( i Rich II Arms V a lion ramp O) 1377
Richard Norton 6 Hen VIII - 1516
Sir John Norton 1553 (6 Edw VI) and again 3 and 4 Phil and Mary
Richard Norton 1564 (6 Eliz) and again 30 Eliz
Daniel Norton 1608 (5 Jam I )
Richard Norton Kt n 1503 (Jam I) and
Dan Norton i Char I
Sir Richard Norton of Rotberfield was created a Bart May 23 1622 Francis Powlett of Anne port Esq married Elizabeth filter and heir of Sir John Norton of Rotherfield Bart and from him defcends George Powletr Efq presumptive heir to the Marquisate of Winchester the prescnt owner who bought it lately of Norton Powlett Esq illegitimate on of his elder brother(source)

Rotherfield Nortons

William Norton ??

WlLLlAM took up the cross in the last Crusade 1270 (Parlimentary Roll E. ii) (source)
-

Sir James Norton b.abt 1270 (heir) 1310
m.Elizabeth de Gurdon
m. Margaret
(Adam de Gurdon died seised of the manor of Tisted, leaving a daughter and heir Joan, who in 1308 settled the whole on herself for life with reversion to James de Norton and his heirs. For licence to enter the manor James de Norton paid a fine of 5 marks to the crown during the next year. (fn. 13) In March, 1316, the manor was in his hands, (fn. 14) and in the May of that year he settled it upon himself and his second wife Margaret and their heirs; failing such it was to revert to Thomas the son of James by his first wife Elizabeth. )
(source)

Sir James de Norton of Hants bore vert a lyon rapant or. - WlLLlAM took up the cross in the last Crusade 1270 (Parlimentary Roll E. ii) (source)
(The future Edward I of England undertook another Crusade in 1271, after having accompanied Louis on the Eighth Crusade. He accomplished very little in Syria and retired the following year after a truce.)

  Thomas Norton Knight source: Visitatons of Hampshire (of James and Elizabeth)
    Sir Randall Norton
m. Margaret Dauntesy daughter and co-heir of Walter
  - John Norton (heir) 1361 d.1346
James and Margaret had a son John who died before 1346, when the manor passed into the hands of Edmund de Kendale, Margaret's second husband, in custody for John's son John, a minor, who came of age in 1360. (source)
    - John Norton (heir) b.1340 d.1370
m1.Felice Kendall (daughter of Sir Edward Kendall) (issue Agnes, Catharine, Margaret, Mary)
m2.Alice
This John only held the manor for ten years, dying abroad, probably on active service in the French wars in 1370, and leaving a son and heir John only three years old. (source)
      John Norton b.1367 (heir)
m.Joane Holle (daughter of Richard Holle
Before 1424 John Nortonr conveyed the manor to trustees, who settled it in that year on his son John and Joan his wife and their heirs. (source)
          Peter Norton
m.Mary Leigh (daughter of George Leigh of Adlington)
          Richard Norton
m.Emme Wells (daughter of Thomas Wells)
          Margaret Norton
m.Oliver Vachell of Bereton
          Isabel Norton
m. Audley
          Elizabeth Norton
m.White of Southwick
          other issue: Edward, Henry, Alice, Isabell
        - Richard Norton (heir) d.1503
m. Elizabeth Rotherfield 1495, (daughter of Sir William Rotherfield alias Lyndhurst)
Richard Norton the son and heir of John and Joan died seised of East Tisted in 1503, leaving a son and heir Richard, who married Elizabeth Rotherfield in 1495. (source)
            Edward Norton
Elizabeth Norton m. White of Southwick, co, Southton
Alice Norton
Henry Norton
Margaret Norton m. Oliver Vachell of Bereton, Southton
Richard Norton m. Emme dau. of Thomas Wells.
source: Visitatons of Hampshire
            Peeter Norton m. Mary dau. of George Leigh of Adlington co. Cester
              John Norton of Bensted m. Fitzwilliams
George Norton
Richard Norton
John Norton
source: Visitatons of Hampshire
          John Norton of Rotherfield
m.Anne Puttenham (daughter of George Puttenham of Sherfield
Thus in 1564 Anne Norton pleaded that her husband John Norton had left her the manor of Rotherfield as part of her dower. Within the manor was 'a great wood (fn. 60) adjoining the park pale of Rotherfield on the west side of the park containing threescore and seven acres or thereabouts . . . which hath been used time out of mind of man at the age of sixteen years growth to be lopped and sold.' Anne had therefore sent workmen to lop the trees, but her son Richard had hindered them and brought them before the King's Bench.' (source)
              Thomas Norton of Nutley
                Edmund Norton
              John Norton of Aldeford
                Richard Norton
              Marmaduke Norton of Hateley
                Symon Norton
Richard Norton
Thomas Norton
Sara Norton
            Sir Richard Norton of Rotherfield(heir of Rotherfield) d.1536
m.Rose Whyte (White) (Daughter of William Whyte of Wymering)
(source)
)
m.Anne (sister and heir of Edward Montpeeson of Battington, Wilshire)
m. Catherine Kingsmill dau. of John Kingsmill
source: Visitatons of Hampshire
Richard died in 1536, leaving a son and heir John who died before 1564, in which year Anne his widow sought dower in East Tisted against her son Richard. She stated that she had been dispossessed by subtle practice between this her son and his uncle, who 'when the said orator was in great heaviness and sorrow for the death of her late husband came to her and brought a deed of release by which she should release unto the said Richard all right of dower in the said lands . . . while they swore to her that there was nothing in it but a note or remembrancer of such lands as her late husband held and nothing that would do her harm.' Trusting to them she signed the deed and her son seized the lands. (source)
              by Catherine Kingsmill other issue of Sir Richard and Catherine Kingmill:
William Norton
Charles Norton
Constance Norton
m. Sir Henry Whitehead
              by Rose Whyte Mary Norton
m.Sir Henry Vuedall
              by Rose Whyte Henry Norton
             
by Rose Whyte
John Norton of Enasyott or Ernshott (heir of Rotherfield)d.1564
m.Joane Cole
                - Sir Richard Nortonof Rotherfield d.1612 (heir of Rotherfield)
m.Mabell Beecher (daughter of Henry Beecher, alsderman of London)
children:

Their son Richard, who was knighted in 1610, (fn. 26) succeeded to the manor on the death of his mother before that date, and held it until his death in 1612. (source)
                  -

Sir Richard Norton(heir of Rotherfield) Sheriff of Hampshire, 1st Baronet of Rotherfield 1622 b.1582 d.July 1645
m.Amy Bilson (died before 1655 daughter of Thomas Bilson. Bishop of Winchester.)
The manor then passed to his son Richard, who was several times sheriff of Hampshire, and who was created baronet in 1622. The Norton family were staunch royalists and suffered heavily for their adherence to Charles. In July, 1644, Sir Richard was committed 'for maintaining the proceedings against the Parliament and for doing many disservices.' He was imprisoned in Lord Petre's house, but was by order of the Committee for Prisoners discharged in August, 1644, on giving sufficient security. His estates were valued at £15,000 a year, and on admission to compound he was fined at £1,000. This was reduced to £500 in March, 1645. He paid the fine, but died before August of that year, leaving his estate heavily charged, as his sons complained when they compounded for their own and their father's delinquency on his death. They stated that they had been in the king's army in Winchester garrison, and five days after its surrender had taken an oath administered by the county committee. They were now heavily burdened with their father's debts and the necessity of paying their mother's jointure, while Sir Richard the elder son had no other estate, and John the younger only a lease of £15 a year, now sequestered. In April, 1647, all proceedings against them were stayed, since they had paid £100, the sum to which their fine had been reduced in consideration of their poverty and their father's fine. (source)

Sir Richard Norton (1582-1645), was a former Sheriff of Hampshire (1613-14) and M.P. for Petersfield (1621-22) who was created a baronet in 1622. He was a sufferer in the royal cause and was imprisoned in July 1644 as well as fined £1,000, although this was later reduced to £500. The family were staunch royalists, his eldest son, Sir Richard Norton (1619-1652), the 2nd baronet, was compounded for his delinquency by a fine of £100 in 1645, and his second son, Sir John Norton (1620-1687), the 3rd baronet, had also suffered in the Royal cause.

other issue:
Thomas Norto
n > had son John Norton
Catherine Norton
Elizabeth Norton
m. Thomas Antrobus

                    Sir Richard Norton(heir of Rotherfield) 2nd Baronet of Rotherfield b.1619 d.1652
m. Elizabeth
The estate was not taken out until May, 1661, when, since Sir Richard had died in 1652 without male issue, it descended in tail male to his brother John as third baronet. (source)
                      John Norton (heir of Rotherfield) 3rd Baronet? b.1619 d.1686
The estate was not taken out until May, 1661, when, since Sir Richard had died in 1652 without male issue, it descended in tail male to his brother John as third baronet. In 1666 Sir John Norton settled the manor of East Tisted on himself and Dame Dorothy his wife and their heirs. Sir John died in 1686 aged sixty-seven, and was buried in East Tisted church under an elaborate monument erected 'by the piety of his wife, Lady Dorothy. (source)
                      Elizabeth Norton (heir of Rotherfield)
m. 20 May 1764 John Paulett
Elizabeth, the daughter of the late Sir Richard, as heiress of her uncle. Elizabeth had married Francis Paulet of Amport in August, 1674, (fn. 35) and on his death in 1695 or 1696 (fn. 36) their son Norton Paulet succeeded to the estate. The will of the latter is dated 1729, and by it Norton Paulet, his eldest son, was made sole heir and executor, and charged to pay his father's debts of £13,000. (fn. 37) Thus in 1756 he mortgaged the manors of East Tisted and Rotherfield to John Taylor, fellow of Winchester College, (fn. 38) but recovered the same before his death in 1758. (fn. 39) By his will Thomas Norton Paulet was made his sole heir after the death of his wife, Mrs. Anne Paulet, and was to have an annuity of £200 during the life of Anne. (fn. 40) Anne died about 1765, but before Thomas could enter into possession he had to prove his title against William Paulet, his father's eldest surviving brother, (source)
                     

Mabella Norton
m. 14 October 1656 Sir Henry Norton at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, Sir Henry Norton in the Parish of East Tisted, Hampshire.

Sir Henry Norton is the son of Sir Gregory Norton regicide.
Although sharing a surname and a baronetcy dating from 1622, the two families were previously unconnected.

             
by Catherine Kingsmill
Southwick Nortons
Sir Daniel Norton of Southwick (heir) d.Apr 7,1636
m.Honora White (daughter of Sir John White of Southwick)
The earliest mention of SOUTHWICK seems to be in the year 1133, when Henry I founded a priory of Austin canons at Portchester, assigning to them by the foundation charter the manor of Candover, a hide of land in Applestead, and a hide of land in Southwick. The priory was removed from Portchester to Southwick between 1145 and 1153, and this land with the addition of other lands acquired by grant of Richard de Boarhunt and Gilbert de Boarhunt during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries evidently became the manor of Southwick, (fn. 8) which remained in the hands of the prior and convent until the time of the Dissolution.

After the Dissolution the site of the priory church of Southwick was granted to John White, servant to Sir Thomas Wriothesley, in 1538, and eight years later the manor and church of Southwick were granted to Sir Thomas Wriothesley that he might alienate them to John White. On the death of John White in 1567 the manor passed to his son and heir Edward. In 1580 Edward died, leaving a son and heir, John, who, in 1606, settled the manor on his daughter and co-heir Honor on her marriage with Sir Daniel Norton, and they came into possession of the manor on the death of John White in the following year.

Sir Daniel Norton died seised of the manor in 1636, leaving a son and heir, Richard, who had married Anne daughter of Sir William Earle. Richard died 10 December, 1732, and his daughter and heir Sarah married Henry Whitehead ; they had two children Richard and Mary. Richard died young, 25 December, 1733, leaving all his estates to his nephew Francis Thistlethwayte, son of his sister Mary, who had married Alexander Thistlethwayte in 1717 and died before 1728. (fn. 19) Francis Thistlethwayte of Southwick took the name of Whitehead, and died 30 March, 1751, leaving his estates to his elder brother with remainder to his younger brother, Robert Thistlethwayte. From that time the manor has remained in the hands of the Thistlethwayte family ; Mr. Alexander Thistlethwayte of Southwick Park being lord of the manor at the present day. (source)

other issue of Daniel and Honora White
Daniel
Edward
Thomas
John
Catherine
Honor
Frances
Bridget
Elizabet
Mary Catherine

Honora Norton
m.John Elliott (son of Sir John of St.Germans)

                  Daniel Norton
b.1613
d. 1633
                  Edward Norton
b.1619
d.1674
Edward born 1619 was a Royalist and probably the Captain Lieutenant Norton who was taken prisoner at Romsey his name appears in the list of Royalists who compounded for their estates his fine being 1001 Foster in his Alumni Oxonienses suggests he was the Dr Edward Norton vicar of Saffron Walden 1674 1714 but it seems more than likely he was the Edward Norton elected a burgess of Portsmouth in 1658 who died in or before 1674 .
                  Thomas Norton
b.1622
d.1641
Thomas Norton born c 1622 died during the lifetime of his mother he was probably dead in 1641.
                  John Norton
b.1625
1641 for in that year his younger brother John b 1625 on entering Brasenose College Oxford was described as the third son of Sir Daniel Norton What became of this John is not known He is not mentioned in his mother's will He may have settled at Portsmouth for in 1649 Ensign John Norton was serving in the garrison there under Major Murford in 1660 the daughter of Lieutenant John Norton was baptized at Portsmouth parish church and in 1676 Elizabeth wife of Mr John Norton was buried there.
               

Sir Richard Norton of Southwick d.10 December, 1732 (heir)
m.Anne Earle (daughter of Sir Walter Earle of Charborough)

                 

Daniel Norton d.1688 (heir)
m.Isabel lawson (daughter of Sir John Lawson)

                      Richard Norton b.1662, MP 1700
                    Sarah Norton
m.Henry Whithead of Tytherley
                    Richard Norton of Southwick (dsp)
m.Elizabeth Butler (daughter of James Butler of Amberley Castle)
                    William Norton of Wellow b.1684
m.Elizabeth Norton (dau of Sir Thomas Norton Bart of Coventry)
                      other issue: Thomas 1686, daughter 1684
                    Charles Norton b.1666
                    Elizabeth Norton
m.Sir John Carew, Bart of Anthony d.1682
- - - - - - - - - - Honora Norton
m.Sir John St Barbe, Bart of Broadlands
                       
                    -  
   


Norton als Nervile
Thomas Norton
of Sharpenhoe in Streatley

gules, a fret argent, a crescent for difference, over all a bend vair or and gules

Crest a griffin sejant ppr winged gu beak and tore legs or

Robert Norton - Markyate-Cell
gules a fret ar over all a bend vair
Another vairé or and gu

also
Norton
Buckinghamshire


"In an ancient Mansion Hous in Fulham, in the Countie of Midd. ..., the armes of Norton are in manie places remaining and the Bassingbourne's Armes quarters with theirs. There are also impailed the armes of Norland and Norton, quarteringe Bassingborn and Walker, impaed with Norton: also the armes of Mr. Hill and Mr. Rice, impaled with Norland."
Pr. John Philepott, Somersett. 1632

Fulham is a little hamlet just west of central London, but was a center for important people with business in London. The Bishop of London has had a palace there since 742 AD. It is here that Sampson Norton lived and signed his will in 1612. Sampson was from the Yorkshire Nortons and his device is found at Fulham along with the Sharpenhoe Norton Arms.



Sharpenhoe Norton
In the "Visitation of London" of 1633
the Heralds respited the arms of Thomas Norton for want of proofs. This means that there was not sufficient evidence to substantiat these arms. But they were allowed in the next year to Robert Norton in Hertfordshire and to Gravely Norton in Bedfordshire The Nortons of Sharpenhoe bore Gules a fret Argent over all a bend Vaire Or and of field.

The Norton's of Sharpenhoe asserted their pedigree to Sir de Nourvile who came with William the Conqueror. It is not suprising that these Norton arms share the the same devices and tinctures as the Norvyle arms.

A pedigree done in 1632 by John Philepott, Somerset herald, sets out a linage starting with Sir Norvile who came with William I to England.

"This Genealogie of the Nortons of Sharpehow in Bedfordshire, beginninge at Noruile that married into the howse Valois, and came into England with Kinge William the Conqueror, and was his Constable; whose posteritie, long time after, assumed the English name of Norton, being the same in signification that Noruile is in French.
John Philepott, Somerset herald 1632

By 1722 no Nortons left in Bedford Pollbook of Bedfordshire 1722

Sir John Norton 1300-1365? (YES there is a gap in dates, click for more info).
m. Lady Maud Grey
John Norton b.abt 1457
m. Margaret Ward
children:
I. John
II. Jane
III. Isabel
IV. Alaice

  John Norton b.abt 1483
m. ??? Danie
children:
I. William, prob d. young
m. 2nd Jane Cowper
II. Thomas.(listed below)
III. Richard, (listed below)
IV. Robert, prob. d. s. p.
V. John, m. 1st, Preston; 2d, a Spycer, No issue given.
VI. Alice, m. 1st Goodrich; 2d, Thomas Decon. No issue given.
VII. William No issue reported.

    Thomas Norton
b.abt 1502, Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire
d. Mar 1582 in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire, Buried on 10 Mar 1582 in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire.
m. Elizabeth Merry 1531, daughter of Robert Merrowe
children:
Margaret
Thomas, b.1532
Joan
Luke m.Lettice Graveley

"He was in 1532 a resident of London, and is reported to have become wealthy. He was first lord of the Manor of Sharpenhoe of his name...[called] a grocer...[granted] a messuage and tenement called Sonne situate and lying in the parish of St. Mary Wolnoth in Lombard Street...London...." He purchased the Manor of Sharpenhoe in 1578. Elizabeth Merry, dau. of Robert Merry of Northall, was his first of three wives. -"The American Genealogist," XVI:104.

Thomas Norton was a wealthy citizen and purchased Sharpenhoe from the Crown. Thomas' second wife was brought up in the house of Thomas More and is said to have practised necromancy, but became insane and drowned herself in 1582. The third wife, Elizabeth Marshall, who has been mistakenly listed as the wife of Thomas (1532-1584), was the widow of Ralph Ratcliffe of Hitchen Hertfordshire. The Norton family was closely connected with the Grocers Company.
     

Thomas Norton Esq. Councellor at Law
b. 1532, London, England
d. Mar 1584 in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire. Buried on 10 Mar 1583/4 in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire.
m. Margery Cranmer b. 1532 in London, England, third daughter of Thomas Cranmer

m. 2nd Alice Cranmer
, 10 Mar 1567/8 b. 1536 in Aslacton, Nottinghamshire, d. Feb 1601/2 in Chestnut, Herefordshire., daughter of Rev. Edmund Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury (1491-bef 20 Apr 1571) & Anne Sands, in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire
children:
Christopher b.abt.1569 d.1603
Margaret
Henry b.1571, listed below
Robert b.1579, listed below
Elizabeth b.1577
Ann b.1578
Thomas b.1578
Col. Walter b.1580, listed below
William b.1582

Visitation of Bedfordshire, 1634 (Harleian 19:128-129)*
(the crescent for difference suggests Thomas was the 2nd son)

Member of the Grocery Company


Walter Norton's eldest brother was Henry Norton, whose son Henry came to New England in 1634 source

Will of Thomas Norton of Shapnoll Bedford Esq proved 15 April 1584 brother Thomas Cranmer executor for benefit of wife and children Bull L 35

Biography from "the History of Parliment"

 

        Henry Norton
b.
1571, Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire
d.
m.
Elizabeth
children:
Samuel
b.

m. 2nd
Sarah Lawson, 29 Jun 1612/3 in Streatley, Bedfordshire.382 b. ca 1580/1590 in England.
children:
Henry
b. 1617 d.14 Aug 1659

          Henry Norton
b. 1617 in Stepney, London
d. August 14, 1659
m. Margaret
children:
Elizabeth Norton (ca 1635-bet. 7 Dec 1714 d. 4 Sep 1722, ME. Scituate, MA
George Norton (ca 1640-1 May 1717) Manchester, MA

Henry came to New England in 1634 source

Henry “probably came to [York, Maine] to look after the property interests of his uncle Walter who was dead in 1633, and he remained here thereafter. Henry “became Provost Marshall fo the Porvince in 1646, and office which eh held continuously until the usurpation. In 1657 he was Marshal of the county and in October it is recorded that in the latter part of this year he ‘Intends his viage for England.’ From this he never returned and on August 14, 1659, the Court held that ‘Mr. Henry Norton is conceaved to be dead’ and granted administration of his estate to his widow. Where he died it is not known. Inventory of his estate £103-18-0 was not filed until April 3, 1679 when George, his son, was names as adminstator.
       

Capt. Walter Norton,
b.abt 1580
d.1633 Murdered by Pequots at mouth of Connecticut River in the summer of 1633
m Jane (Reeve) Reynolds.abt 1605; d. before about 1618
children:
Son, b.1605; killed 1625 at Isle of Rhe (ca 1605-1625)
m. 2nd Eleanor Knight., 1618
children:
Jane Norton (ca 1618-bef 1680)

Soldier. In a petition of 26 February 1628/9 to the Council of War, Lieutenant Colonel Walter Norton outlined his service in the Low Countries from 1625 to 1627 under the commission of the Duke of Buckingham, and asked for back pay for himself and his officers; he related that he was "taken prisoner in the Isle of Rees [Rhe] on the day of the retreat with 63 pieces about him, and having then also his only son being his ensign, together with his lieutenant slain in that service"
MIGRATION to New England: 1630
FIRST RESIDENCE: Charlestown, MA
REMOVES: York, Maine 1632
RETURN TRIPS: In England 1631, returned to New England 1632

Grant of lands in Maine.
"Att Warwick House the 2 of Dec 1631 There being present The Earle of Warwick Presid The L Gorges & S Ferdinando Gorges Threr There was this pfsent day sealed a Pattf granted to Ferdinando Gorges sonn and heire of John Gorges of London Esqf Walter Norton Lieut Cott Tho Coppyn Esq Samuel Maverick Esq Thomas Graves Gen an Ingineer Raphe Glover Merchf WTM Jeffryes gen John Busley gen Joell Woolsey gen all of New England Robert Norton Esqf Richard Norton gen George Norton of Sharpenhow in yf County of Bedford and Robert Rainsford yf younger of London gen first 100 acres of Land for every person transported or to be transported by them or any of them within 7 yeares next insueing soe that the said person or persons abide there 3 yeares either at one or severall times yf same land to be taken & chosen in any place adjacent to the 12,000 acres of Land hereafter mencttned & y same not to be inhabitted ."
Source

"One of Walter Norton's sisters married Sir George Coppyn, and they had a son, THOMAS COPPYN , who was a co-patentee with Walter Norton in the grant of Agamenticus" source

" A further glimpse of the enterprise Sir Ferdinando Gorges records in these words Hereupon he Lieut Col Norton and some of his associates hastened to take possession of their territories carrying with them their families and other necessary provisions and I sent over for my son my nephew Captain William Gorges who had been my lieutenant in the fort of Plymouth with some other craftsmen for the building of houses and erecting of saw mills." source

"Maine Reference has already been made to a grant of land on the west most side of the Agamenticus river made December 2 1631 by the council for New England to Ferdinando Gorges Sir Ferdinando s grandson and heir and also to a grant on the east side of the river made at the same time to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Norton and others 1 In his Briefe Narration Gorges " source

Will of Christopher Norton
"Christopher Norton of London gentleman 18 April 1603 sister Coppin sister Margaret sister Rainsforde cozen William Cranmer brother Robert Norton brother Capt Walter Norton executor Capt Walter Norton refusing the trust commission was issued 28 Feb y 1603 to William Norton a brother of dec d IIarte L 24"
source

        Robert Norton -
b.1575 Markyate-Cell
, near Dunstable probably in London
d. 1535 ,
m. Anna Hare
children:

Received settlement of the manor of Sharpenhoe from his brother Henry.
"signed a Visitation pedigree as from that locality in 1634."
     

Luke Norton Esq.
m.Lettice Graveley
Councellor at Law in the inner Temple. One of the Chancery dwelt at Offley in county Hertford.

children:
Gravely
Lettice (married Richard Norton
Benjamin
Thomas
Anne

          Graveley Norton of Sharpenhoe
m.Ellen Angel
          Benjamin Norton of London - Linen Draper
          Thomas Norton of London - Silkman of Lombard Street
          Anne Norton m. Eustace Nedham
   

Richard Norton
b.abt 1517
d. 1567 Sharpenhoe, Bedford, England Will of Richard Norton from the National Archives in London
m. Mary Wingar
(Margerie Wingate) Will of Margarie Norton
b. 1528 in Sharpenhoe, Bedfordshire
d. 26 Jun 1571 in Streatley, Bedfordshire
chldren from will:
Richard,
William, b. 1558 listed below
Thomas,
Daniel
Johanne,
Hill,
Wynches

Problems:
1) children do not match with Payne-Joyce Genealogy

     

William Norton
b.1558 Sharpenhoe, Bedford, England
d. 19 Oct 1622 in St. Michael, Cornhill, London
m. Margerie Hawes

children:
I. William, listed below

m. 2nd Denise Chomley
15 May 1583, Sharpenhow, Bedfordshire
d.7 May 1628 in Steanley, England.
children:
II. Thomas b.1608, removed to Guilford, CT, listed below
III. John,
IV. Elizabeth,
V. Francis, (daughter Elizabeth married Isaac Addington of Charleston, MA, registered arms)
VI. Hugh,
VII. Daniel,
VIII.Phebe,
IX Richard b.1596
, listed below

Problems:
1) Thomas is born when William is 50 years old.

       

Richard Norton
b.1596 in Streatley, Bedford, England
d. 24 Jan 1653 in Bedfordshire, England
d. (Apr 1665 in London, England. Buried on 6 Apr 1665 in St Michaels, Cornhill, London)
M. Lettice Norton, daughter of Luke Norton & Lettice Graveley. Lettice, widow of Robert Cheney of Bramhanger, in Luton parish, Bedfordshire
m. 2nd Ellen Rowley
, 1 Jun 1615 or 1605) in Essex, England
b.1600 in Essex, England
d.Nov 1630 in London, England. Buried on 24 Nov 1630 in St Michaels, Cornhill, London
children:
John Norton (Died soon) (ca 1616-Jan 1616)
George Norton (ca 1617-)
John Norton (Died soon) (ca 1619-Nov 1620)
Robert Norton (ca 1620-)
Ellen Norton (ca 1622-Oct 1650)
Dorothy Norton (ca 1623-)

Luke Norton (ca 1625-)
Richard Norton (ca 1626-) will
John Norton (ca 1628-5 Nov 1709) ( removed to Hartford, CT),
William Norton (ca 1629-)

Problems:
1) Three Johns? Why is John so important a name?

           

John Norton of Branford and Farmington, CT
b. 5 Jun 1628 London, England
d. 5 Nov 1709 Farmington, Hartford, CT, USA 
m. Dorothy ???? abt 1644 in Branford, New Haven, CT, USA
children:
i. Elizabeth Norton, b. 1645.
ii. Hannah Norton, b. 1647.      
iii.Dorothy Norton, b. 01 Mar 1649, Branford; m. UNKNOWN DICKINSON.
iv. John Norton, b. 24 May 1650, Branford; d. 15 Jan 1657, Branford.

m. 2nd Elizabeth ALLEN between 1653 and 1657.
Children
v. Felix Norton, b. 14 Oct 1657;same date d. 15 Jan 1658, Branford, CT
vi. John Norton, b. 14 Oct 1657, same date Branford; d. 25 Apr 1725, Farmington, CT.

m. 3rd Elizabeth CLARK between 1657 and 1659.
Children
vii. Samuel Norton, b. 13 May 1659, Farmington; d. 21 Aug 1659, Farmington.
viii. Thomas Norton, b. 1660, Farmington, Connecticut; d. 02 May 1729.

Problems:
1) John Norton was only 16 when he married Dorothy. This is unlikely.
2) John was only 16 when he signed the charter at Branford in 1644. unlikely.
3) How did John get to New England at 16? He purchased quite a bit of land too.

 
"Connecticut 1600s-1800s Local Families and Histories
Families of Early Milford, CT, Surnames, O-Q, Page 496"
"1. Francis Norton s. of Francis of Charlestown, Mass. who died 1667. Francis Jr. died Milford 23 February 1666/7 said to have drowned. He married Mary (____) who was admitted to the church in Milford 26 May 1661/2. He admitted 1665, but an entry 9 March 1661/2 showed he was dismissed to New Haven but he died in Milford. His will dated 28 January 1666 mentions cousin John Norton of Farmington, Conn., cousin Joseph Nash of Hartford, Conn., loving wife Mary Norton, son Joseph Northrup, (his dau. husband), Jeremiah and Joseph, children of Joseph, also Goody Hinde, ye wife of Thomas Hynde of Milford and her son Stephen.
Children:
Mary died ca 1684 mar Joseph Northrup who died 11 Sept 1669 (MC1) Her will dated Jan 1683 mentions among others her Mother Norton.
       

Thomas Norton of Guilford, CT
b. 1608,
Surry, England
d. 1648, Guilford, CT
m. Grace Wells
Thomas Norton brought with him a pedigree done by John Philepott, Sommerset Herald in 1632. Thomas Norton of Sharpenhoe "the puritan" and ancestor of Rev. John and Rev. Wm. who went to Boston. (Dictionary of National Biog of Britain)

 

        William Norton
m. Alice Browst, daughter of John Browst.
           

John Norton (Rev) Boston, MA
b. May 9, 1606
d. 1663
m. Mary

no children:

Came to NE 1644, settled at Ipswitch. Succeded to Rev John Cotton, First Church, Boston.

            William Norton (Rev) Boston, MA
b. 1626
d. 1694
m. Lucy Winthrop Downing
children:
John Norton b. 1651 Hingham, Plymouth, MA d.3 Oct 1716 Boston, MA minister m.
Mary Mason
Bonus,
Elizabeth,
William,
Lucy
             


RICHARD NORTON - WILL [1567] 


note: This will has been transcribed by Kate Wingrove from the original at the National Archives in London. This is no mean feat if you have ever tried it. If you need transcribing of your docs, contact Kate at wingroves@mac.com

In the name of god amen - this twentie and fowreth day ofJulie [July] a thousand fyve hundred three score and fyve I Richard Norton of Sharpenhowe in the Countie of Bedfordshire yeoman make my last will and testament in forme following first I beseche allmightie god whiche hathe bought my soul with the blood of his onelie [did they leave the word ‘son’ out here?] to receive it to his mercie prepared for them that truste in hym   

I will my boddie to be buried according to the discretion of my executores     Item I give all my landes tenements and hereditaments in the parishe of Stretley to Richard my sonne and to the heyres male of his boddie lawfullie begotten and for wante of such yssue to William my sonne and to the heires male of his boddie lawfullie [lawfully is crossed through] begotten and for defalte of such yssue to Danyell my sonne and to the heires male of his boddie lawfullie [lawfully is crossed through] begotten and for wante of suche yssue to Thomas my sonne and the heires male of his boddy begotten and for want of such yssue the remynder to my right [heires?] for ever provided allwane? and I will that yf anye of mye saide sonnes or any of their yssue inheritable by this my will shall [alien?] or putt awaye any interest to hym or them [lymyted?] by my will withowt assente of my brother Edward Wingate and my cousen Thomas Norton or the survivor of them with such person to whom the first dying of my saide brother and cosen shall comitt the like? [?] in his place being not above the degree of a esquire that he or they so [?] shall have no benefitt of my will but shalbe accepted as ded withowt yssue before suche alienation and withowt any lymitacion appointed to them by my will   

I will also that all my leases within the saide parrishe of Stretley shall passe in the same manner as is limited concerning my free lande allso I wyll that so long as my wief shallbe so well pleased and remeyne my widdowe my said wyef and Richard my sonne shall [jointlie?] have and occupie all my landes and leases above saide to their [owne?] [uses?]    And if my son Richard dye or refuse then my son William shall succede in like use and occupying    And if my sonne William dye or refuse then my sonne Daniell shall succede in like [joynt?] use and occupation but if my wief doo marry or refuse to continue in such [joint?] occupation then I will that she shall have in recompence of her dower the rent of the thirde of all my landes whereof she ys indowable?  and [yerelie?] fortie shillings more to be assigned and reasonablie valued unto her by my brother Thomas Norton my frende Mr Allway and her brother Mr Edwarde Wingate to be paide to her in monney yerely by suche of my children as shall have my saide lande according to this my will so that the she doo imediatlie make sufficient release of her dower and also if she marrie or refuse such [joint?] occupation she shall have her portion of gooddes whiche ys given her by this my will severallie to be delivered her by reasonable devision to be made by my brother Thomas Norton Mr Allwey my brother Edward Wingate and Mr [Vicar?] of Stretley provided [allwares?]    And I will that all and everie of them that shall have or occupie my saide landes according to this my will shall paye owte of my gooddes to my sonne Thomas yearelie and after such promotion fortie shillinges during his lief and allso that all and everie of them that shall so have my saide landes shall bring upp all my children in honist and convenient? sorte and to write and rede at the leste      I give to Richard my sonne my cloase called Gooddyes at Camphill to him and to the heyres males of his boddie for wante of such yssue to William my sonne and the heires males of his boddie for want of such yssue to Daniell my sonne and the heyres male of his boddie for want of such yssue to Thomas my sonne and the heires males of his boddie for want of such yssue to my right heyres for ever provided [allwand?!] that the saide close called Gooddies shall remeyne in occupation withe such persons and such uses as is appointed for my lande in Stretley parrishe till such tyme as some one to whom the inheritance is above appointed shall atteyne the age of twentie and one yeres     

I give my howse and all my landes at Bartenton to Thmas and Daneil my sonnes and the longer lyver of them and after the deathe of the longer lyver of them to my right heires males provided allway     And my will is that he or they that shall have or occupie my landes in the parrishe of Stretley shall owte of my gooddes paye such paymentes and att suche tymes to the preferment of my children and otherwise as by my will is appointed viz whereas my will ys that my wief shall have the one half of my moveable gooddes excepte my leasses and other thinges by my testament bequeathed or to be bequethed so that she be contented during the joynt occupation of my landes joyntlie also to occupie her said gooddes and the other half I give to my sonne Richarde my will that first he by reasonable [praysement?] appoynted to my sonne William fortie poundes to be payde at his age of twentie fowre yeres and to my sonne Daniel fortie poundes to be payed at his age of twentie fower yeres or if my executors shall see good for his or their preferment then to be payde soner at their discretion and to my sonne Thomas fyve poundes to be paide at his first taking of degree of Bachelor of Arte at the least and also fyve poundes therteen shillings and fower pence at his next taking of any other degree in the [?]   And that the saide stockes of money shall be in their hands that shall have and occupie my landes in Stretley parishe so that they take order for the ymployment and payment thereof according to my will in such forte as my cosen Thomas Norton by bonds withe suertie? or for wante of suertie by charging of my lande shall devise    Allso if any of my saide sonnes William and Daniell do dye before their portions receaved or due to be payed I will such portions to be devided equallie to all my sonnes then surviving    

I will that the joyned cupbord and table in my parlor shall remeyne at? heyre rooms? with my howse    I will that my wief have the occupation of all my plate during her lief so that she be bounde to my cosen Thomas Norton to leave at her departure one of my silver saltsellers at her choice to my sonne that shall have my howse    And at her deathe all the rest of my plate to such of her children as she shall appoynte att any tyme during her lief     I will that there be paid to my brother Edward fyve poundes in payment of all legacies to hym due my my mother and my brother Robertes will to be paide at his goying from my howse to my brother William to be bestowed uppon hym att my said brother William’s discretion and so much as shall not be bestowed  uppon hym in his lief tyme I will to be given to the reperation of the Church     Item I give to William Corbie two shepe to be delyvered to his brother Jerom to his use     I give to Jerom Crby a bullock of two yeres olde to be delyvered when he hathe [fined?] my wief and my sonne that shall have my howse two yeres from Michelmas next uppon reasonable [mayd?]   I give to the reparation of Streteley Church twentie shillings which the [tenant?] owethe me    And I gorgive them three busshells of sede barley    

Item twentie shillinges to the amending of the high way betwene Thomas Deacons gate and the grange gate     I give Susan Winche a bullock     Item two [quarters?] of wheate to be bestowed among the poore in Streatley parrishe within two yeres after my dethe by the discretion of my executores and Mr Wattes Vicar there and other three [quarters?] for the which the poor shall gather [stores?] after a rate according to the discretion of my executors   

Item to Johanne my daughter fower ewes and to my daughter hill fower ewes     I forgive Robert Nightingale all that he do oweth me and I do give hym allso tenne shillinges if any doubtefulnes of constuction shall arise uppon my wordes of my will     I will the same to be [expounded?] by my overseers which knowe my myde and their [exposition?] to be taken for my verrie meaning     Item I give my cosen John Norton a bullock   

I appoint executors thereof Mr John Allway my brother Thomas Norton and Mr Henry Watts Vicar of Streatley    And I give to the said Mr Vicar thertene shillinges and fower pence     I give William Dey two shepe and to Agnes Day two shepe     I give to everie of my daughter Wynches children an ewe and a lambe to Richard my daughter Hill’s sonne a bullock and an ewe and a lambe and to John Herson an ewe and a lambe to my sonne william Winche fyve quarters of malt and to my sonne Edward Hill tenne quarters of malt provided allwand that where I have appointed that after my dettes funerall and legacies deducted all the rest of my gooddes be equallie devided between my [wief?] and my sonne Richard my menying and will is that if there remeyne toward such devision [above?] two hundred poundes in all that residewe above two hundred poundes shalbe devided among all my [sonnes?]     I give to either of my executors for their peyne twentie shillinges and do furder will that they shall have and be allowed acording to their owne discretions for all suche expenses [hereby?] lymyted or any other thing for or concerning me or myne provided allwayes    And my will is that all my legacies till suche tyme as they be dew to be paid shall remeyne in the hande and to the use of suche my sonne as shall have the occupying of my lande in Stretley parishe so that he first give suche assuerances for the trewe paymet thereof as my cosen Thomas Norton shall devise    

I will allso that my wief and everie of my children to whom my lands hereditaments or legacies shalbe lymyted by my wief shall enter into suche bondes and formes of covenants at suche tyme in suche sorte and to suche persones as my cosen Thomas Norton shall devise and requyre for such performance of all things conteyned in my will uppon peyne to forfeit all thinges to them lymyted by my will as if no mention hath ben made of them in my will. 

PROBATUM [latin words follow - can’t read them!] mentions Edward Wingate and Thomas Norton executors

Will of Margery Norton, widow of Richard Norton who died ca 1565.

In the name of God amen - this XXVIth daie of June in the yere of our lord anno 1571     I Margerie Norton of Sharpenno in the parishe of Streatlie in the Countie of Bedford widow make my last will and testament in forme following first I beseche allmightie god which hath bought my soule with the blood of his sonne Christ to receive it to his mercie prepared for all them that trust in him   I will my bodie to be buried according to the discretion of my executors   

 I give to my sone Danyell fortie pounds which fortie pound shalbe paied him when my executors and overseers shall think yt good and most for his preferment    I doe give to my sone Danyell two silver spoons which he shall have at the age of XXIV? yeres or if my executors and overseers think it good before    I doe give unto my foresaid sone the standing bedd that I do lie in also I doe give him one featherbed one mattress a [green?] coverlet? a bolster a pillowe a pillobere four pairs of sheetes two pair of them harden sheetes and the other two pair flaxen sheetes     I do give him also a pair of blanketts     I do give him also a pair of blankette the bedd and all the bedding aforsaid shalbe delyvered unto my sone Danyell at the discretion of my executors and overseers    I doe give to my daughter Hill thirtie pounds to be paid her within one yeare next followinge after the death of her husband that nowe is, and if my daughter Hill do die before her husband then I will that the foresaid thirtie pounds shalbe equallie devided amongest all his children and the said thirtie pounds to be paid them when they shall attaine to the age of XXIV? yeres   

Also I do give to Marie? Hill my god daughter tenne pounds to be paied her at the daie of marriage if she bestowe herself honestlie and according to her [calling?]   And if she dye unmarried then I give her brother Richard Hill the aforesaid X pounds to be paied to him at the age of XXIV yeres    Also I doe give to my daughter Hill two silver spoons     Also I doe give to my daughter Hill my worsted kirtle   Also I doe give to my daughter Hill halfe my wearing lynnen    I doe give to my daughter Wynshe my best gowne and my best kirtle and the other halfe of my wearing lynnen    

Also my will is that if my sonne Danyell do die before he hath the foresaid fortie pounds bestowed upon him I will that the rest that doth remaine [unpaid?] to be equallie devided amongest all my children and my childrens children     Also my will is that if my sone Danyell doe die before he hath receyved the foresaide bedd and the other things belonging to the same as is aforesaid then my will is that the same shall remaine still with my sone William Norton   

Also I doe give to everie poor man in the parish of Streatlie XII [pence?]    I give the poore in the parishe of Barton VI [shillings? pence?] to be paied them as my executores shall thinke it good     I doe give to Elizabeth my mayde my best peticoate  and I do give Margaret Wingate my other peticoate     I do give my man Jerom Corbe one mattres one pair of sheetes and one coverlet to be delivered him at the discretion of my executors at the daie of his marriage and also I doe further will that my executors shall spend [ten? shillings?] at his marriage so that he do serve my sone William Norton two yeres next after my death upon reasonable [?waies?]    I do give Susan Winche VI [pounds?] XIV [shillings?] III [pence?] to be paied her at her daie of marriage iff she die unmarried then I do give it to Jone? Jane? Winche her sister to be paied her at the daie of her marriage also I do give Susan Winch II paire of sheetes  one pair of them harden sheetes and the other pair flaxen sheetes to be delivered at the daie of her marriage yf she die unmarried then I do give them unto Jone? Winshe her sister to be delivered her at the daie of her marriage    Also I do give Susan Wynshe three paire of sheetes two paire of them harden sheetes and the other paires flaxen sheete to be delivered at the daie of her marriage yf she die unmarried then I do give them to Jone Wincshe her sister to be delivered unto her at the daie of her marriage [wasn’t that a repeat?!]   I doe give to my daughter Winshe one of my silver saults    I do give to Thomas Wynshe my godsone 50 shillings which fiftie shillings is in the hands of his father William Winshe    I doe give to my sone Thomas Norton two silver spoones     I give to Elizabeth my maide one paier of harden sheetes a flaxen table clothe to be delivered to her at the discretion of my executors     I doe forgive John Wingate [III? pounds? IV shillings?] that he oweth me and also I do give VI? [pounds?] VIII? [shillings?] to be paied him within two monethes next after my death    Also [Brundy?] oweth me for a bushell of wheat I doe forgive it him      Also my cosen George Wingate [X pounds VIII shillings VI pence?] I doe forgive it him     I doe give to William Daye two shepe    I doe give to Christopher Deacon? a shepe     I give Henry Wilde a shepe    I give to Marye my mayde a shepe     I give to Ellen an ewe and a lambe     I give to everie one of my daughter Winches children that are at home with her one shepe    I give to my brother Edward Norton a shepe their shepe shalbe delivered within one yeare after my death   

I give my man Raphe Baker VI [shillings?] VIII [pence?] to be paied him within two yeres after my death so that he doe serve my sone william Norton two years next after my death uppon reasonable [waies - as in ‘ways’?]    I doe give Elizabeth Payne [X shillings?]   I doe give to my brother Wingate [X shillings?]    I do give to my sister Shorte [X shillings?]    Thomas Deacons children shall have my finest cassoke    I doe give to John Hide a bushell of wheat     I give my sone Thomas Norton [X pounds?] to be paied him within one yere next after my death    Also I doe give to Mr Watts Vicar of Streatley [III shillings IV pence] to make a sermon at my buriall prvided allwaies and my will is that all my legacies til suche tyme as they be due to be paid shall remaine in the hands and the use of my sone William Norton his heires or assignes so that he doe give such assurance for the true payment thereof as shalbe reasonablie devised by my overseers yf anye doutfullness of anye word of my will shall arise I will that the same to be expounded by my executors and overseers which knowe my mynde and their determynacon to be taken for my verie meaninge   

I apoint my executors to this my testament my sone William Norton and my sone in law William Winche    I praie to be my overseers my brother Edward Wingate and my sone in law Edward Hill     Also I doe further will that my sone William Norton shall paie all manner of charge that shalbe laied oute aboute the perferment of this my will and also my will is that all my goods that doe remaine unbequeathed by this my testament I give them to my sone William Norton   Witnesses to this my will Mr John Allwaye   Thomas Norton   William [Burn? Bunn?] and William Childe.

 

 


1540
Sharpenhoe - Thomas Norton, born about 1500, died 10 March 1584; Thomas Norton was a wealthy citizen and purchased Sharpenhoe from the Crown. He married Elizabeth Merry, daughter of Robert Merry of Northall, member of the Inner Temple. Thomas' second wife was brought up in the house of Thomas More and is said to have practised necromancy, but became insane and drowned herself in 1582. The third wife, Elizabeth Marshall, who has been mistakenly listed as the wife of Thomas (1532-1584), was the widow of Ralph Ratcliffe of Hitchen Hertfordshire.

In his work, England Under the Tudors, G. R. Elton has the following to say about Thomas Norton, in a section dealing with pressure put on Queen Elizabeth over the isue of succession to the throne:

In the Commons there was a body of some 40 or 50 very active members, mostly with puritan sympathies, who dominated the less independent men and were not afraid of taking issue with the privy councillors who represented the queen and government. The unofficial leader of the first of this 'choir' , as a contemporary called them, was Thomas Norton, the first of the great puritan parliament men and the hero of the two sessions of this parliament....

(1532-1584) The Norton family was closely connected with the Grocers' Company in London, to which the son Thomas was in due course admitted ; but, although it is probable that he went to Cambridge at the company's expense, nothing is known of his academic career. He is not identical with the Thomas Norton who graduated B.A. from Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1569 (cf. Archœologia, xxxvi. 105 sq.) He was, however, created M. A. by the university of Cambridge on 10 June 1570 as a twelve-year student, and on 4 July 1576 he applied to the university of Oxford for incorporation, but there is no record of his admission. A brother Lucas is said to have been admitted to the Inner Temple in 1583. While a boy Thomas entered the service of Protector Somerset as amanuensis, and quickly proved himself a ripe scholar. He eagerly adopted the views of the religious reformers, and was only eighteen when he published a translation of a Latin ' Letter which Peter Martyr wrote to the Duke of Somerset' on his release from the Tower in 1550. The interest of the volume is increased by the fact that Martyr's original letter is not extant [see VERMIGLI]. In 1555 Norton was admitted a student at the Inner Temple, and soon afterwards he married Margery, the third daughter of Archbishop Cranmer. He worked seriously at his profession, and subsequently achieved success in it ; but, while keeping his terms, he devoted much time to literature.

Some verses which he wrote in early life attracted public notice. A sonnet by him appears in Dr. Turner's ' Preservative or Triade against the Poyson of elagius,' 1551. His poetic ' Epitaph of Maister Henrie Williams' was published in' Songes and Sonettes 'of Surrey and others, published by Tottel in 1567. This, like another poem which was first printed in Ellis's ' Specimens,' 1805, ii. 136, is preserved among the Cottonian MSS., Titus A. xxiv. Latin verses by Norton are appended to Humphrey's ' Vita juelli ' (1573). Jasper Heywood, in verses prefixed to his translation of ' Thyestes,' 1560, commended ' Norton's Ditties,' and described them as worthy rivals of sonnets by Sir Thomas Sackville and Christopher Yelverton. Norton spoke frequently during the session, and proved himself, according to D'Ewes, ' wise, bold, and eloquent.' He made an enlightened appeal to the house to pass the hill which proposed to relieve members of parliament of the obligation of residence in their constituencies (IlALLAM, Hut, i. 266). He warmly supported, too, if he did not originate, the abortive demand of the puritans that Cranmer's Calvinistic project of ecclesiastical reform should receive the sanction of parliament. Norton was the owner of the original manuscript of Cranmer's code of ecclesiastical laws, with Cranmer's corrections in his own hand. It had doubtless reached him through his first wife, the archbishop's daughter, and was the only remnant of the archbishop's library which remained in the possession of his family. While the proposal affecting its contents was before parliament, Norton gave the manuscript to his friend John Foxe, the martyrologist, who at once printed it, with the approval of Archbishop Parker, under the title ' Reformatio Legum Ecclesiasticarum (1571);' the docu- His wife's stepfather was Edward Whit- church [q. T.], the Calvinistic printer, and Norton lived for a time under his roof. In November 1552 he sent to Calvin from London an account of the Protector Somerset (Letters relating to the Reformation, Parker Soc. p. 339). In 1559 the Swiss reformer published at Geneva the last corrected edition of his ' Institutions of the Christian Religion,' and this work Norton immediately translated into English at Whitchurch's request ' for the commodity of the church of Christ,'that ' so great a jewel might be made most beneficial, that is to say, applied to most common use.' The translation was published in 1561, and passed through numerous editions (1562, 1574, 1587, 1599). But Norton had not wholly abandoned lighter studies, and in the same yenr (1561) he completed, with his friend Sackville, the ' Tragedie of Qorboduc,' which was his most ambitious excursion into secular literature Meanwhile he was called to the bar, and his practice grew rapidly. On Lady day 1562 he became standing counsel to the Stationers' Company, and on 18 June 1581 solicitor to the Merchant Taylors' Company. On 6 Feb. 1570-1 he was appointed to the newly established office of remembrancer of the city of London, his functions being to keep the lord mayor informed of his public engagements, and to report to him the daily proceedings of parliament while in session. As remembrancer he was elected one of the members for the city of London, and took his seat in the third parliament of Elizabeth, which met 2 April 1571.


Thomas Norton, a.k.a. "Rackmaster-General of England"...died (1584) after nearly 25 years in the commons. A ready debater, skilful tactician, and strongly principled puritan, he more than anyone had nursed and shaped the parliamentary opposition of the reign. His reward was a general fame as 'Master Norton the Parliament-man', though it is only recently, after being for long overshadowed by the more assertive and dramatic Wentworth that he has come into his own again. [Note at bottom of the page: Norton is the real hero of professor Neale's Elizabeth I and her Parliaments 1559-81].

Thomas Norton, a.k.a. "Rackmaster-General of England" for his tortuous inquisitions of Catholics; married first Margaret Cranmer, daughter of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, with whom he had no children; married second Alice Cranmer, daughter of Thomas' brother Edmund Cranmer, Archdeacon of Canterbury, and Alice Sands.

Thomas was a famed Elizabethan-era poet and lawyer. He debated anti-Roman Catholic measures in the English Parliament and examined Roman Catholics under torture. He translated John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion (1561), among other important works. He is most famous for his co-authorship with Thomas Sackville (cousin to Queen Elizabeth) of Gorboduc, the first English-language drama to be composed entirely in blank verse.

Thomas got his M.A. at Cambridge on 10 June 1570. It was said that he had a brother Lucas who was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1583. As a boy Thomas entered the service of the Protector Somerset and eagerly adopted his amanuensis' views on religious reform. He entered the Inner Temple in 1555 and soon after married Margery, third daughter of Thomas Cranmer. His wife's stepfather was Edward Whitchurch, the Calvinistic printer and Thomas lived under his roof for a time. He was called to the bar and his practice grew rapidly. On Lady Day 1562, he became standing counsel to the Stationers Company, and on 18 June 1581 Solicitor to the Merchant Taylors Company.

Norton's activity and legal ability soon recommended him to the Queen's ministers. In January 1581 Thomas became official censor of the Queen's Catholic subjects. He complained to Walsingham on 27 March 1582 about being known as the "Rackmaster General". Amongst those Thomas tortured were Alexander Briant, Thomas Myagh (an Irishman who had already been "loosened up" by Skevington), Edmund Campion, and Francis Throgmorton.

But Thomas’ concern over the church's lack of zeal lead to him being imprisoned in the Tower where he continued to press Walsingham to be harsher with the Catholics. Although freed, his health had suffered and he died at his house at Sharpenhoe on 10 March 1584. He was buried at Streatley Church and the will he had written on his death bed was proved 15 April 1584. His executor was Thomas Cranmer, his wife's brother.

Thomas Norton's second wife, Alice Cranmer, was always a bigoted Protestant and fell victim to religious mania. By 1582 she was hopelessly insane. At the time of her husband's death she was living at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, under the care of her eldest daughter Ann, the wife of Sir George Coppin. She never recovered her reason and was still at Cheshunt early in 1602. She was afterwards removed to Bethlehem Hospital.


1575
Robert Norton, born 1575, died 1634; married Anne Hare (Heare), daughter of Robert Hare. In his pedigree entered in the 1634 visitation of Hertfordshire, Robert listed himself as son of Thomas first wife, Margaret, but according to Mr. Waters (Chesters of Chichley) she died without issue in 1568.

Robert studied engineering and gunnery under John Reinolds, Master Gunner of England, and through his influence was made a master gunner in the royal service.
On 11 March 1624, he received the grant of a gunner's room in the Tower of London, and on 26 September 1627 he was sent to Plymouth in the capacity of engineer to await the arrival of the Earl of Holland and to accompany him to the Isle of Rhé. In that same year he was granted the post of Engineer of the Tower of London, for life.

In 1628 he authored The Gunner, which included discussions of artillery theories, as well as of developments in hardware, such as corned gunpowder. On the title page he describes himself as "one of his Maiesties Gunners and Enginiers" , and says by way of preface: "lead on by Experience the Mistris of all Arts, Action being the best Tutor...I...haue endeuoured herein more to respect a few experimented truthes, then many Rhethoricall imbellishments of words." Gunnery, he said, was a profound study, "euen able to spose the knowne parts of Naturall Philosophy, Arithmetick, Geometry, and Perspectiue, each of which her handmayd is." His work was later borrowed from by John Bate in his Book of Fireworks (1635), containing information derived from "the noted Professors, as Mr. Malthus, Mr. Norton, and the French Author, Des Recreations Mathematiques."

Robert's later work, The Gunner's Dialogue, published in 1643, described the type of pieces used in the artillery at the start of the Civil War in England. Among questions posed in the dialogue were: "If you were to make a shot in the night, at a mark showed you in the day, how would you prepare for it?" and, "How would you make a shot at an enemies light, in a dark night, not having any candle, lanthorn, or other light by you?"

Robert died in 1635, his will was dated 28th January 1634/5 and proved that February 19th.


THOMAS NORTON of Guilford (1608-1648)
THOMAS NORTON came to Guilford with Rev. Mr. Whitfield in 1639, was a signer of the Plantation Covenant, and served the town as its miller until his death in 1648. He is stated to have been a church warden of Mr. Whitfield's parish at Ockley in Surrey, a few miles south of London, England, and has been thought to have been connected with the NORTONs of Sharpenhow, Bedfordshire, (New England Register, Vol. XIII., p., 225). His wife was named GRACE and her maiden name is supposed to have been WELLS.

His home lot in Guilford contained two acres and was on the west side of Crooked Lane (now State Street.) This lot fell to his son, JOHN NORTON, on THOMAS NORTON's death, and afterwards was occupied by Lieut. WILLIAM SEWARD, his son-in-law. THOMAS NORTON also owned seventeen and one-half of "upland in the plains" and a parcel of one and one-half acres of marsh land by the sea-side.

Children:
ANNE NORTON, b. 1625, m. JOHN WARREN, 1649.
GRACE NORTON, b. May 29, 1627, m. WILLIAM SEWARD of New Haven and Guilford, Apr. 2, 1651.
MARY NORTON, b. 1635, m. SAMUEL (2) (WILLIAM 1) ROCKWELL of Winsor, Conn., Apr. 9, 1660
JOHN NORTON, b. 1638, m. (1st) ELIZABETH HUBBARD, dau. of GEORGE HUBBARD 2nd wife; HANNAH STONE
ABIGAIL NORTON, b. 1642, m. ANANIAS TRYON of Killingsworth, Aug. 6, 1667
THOMAS NORTON, b. 1646, m. ELIZABETH MASON

(1) JOHN NORTON (THOMAS) of Guilford, b. 1638 at England, m. 1664, HANNAH STONE, b. 1644, dau. WILLIAM STONE and HANNAH ?.
She died 1712, March 28. JOHN became miller of Guilford town mill in 1649. His will dated 1700, Feb. 24, is at Guilford. He d. 1704, March 5 at Guilford.

Children:
JOHN NORTON, b. 1666, Nov. 18. d. 1667, Jan. 10.
JOHN NORTON, b. May 29, 1668, d. 1712, March 15 m. HANNAH PECK
SAMUEL NORTON, b. 1672 Oct. 4. d. 1752, Apr. 2. (1st m) ABIGAIL WARD (2ND m) SARAH WEST
JOSEPH NORTON, b. 1674, d. young
THOMAS NORTON, b. 1676, March 4. d. 1740, Sept. 21 m. RACHAEL STARR
HANNAH NORTON, b. 1678 Feb. 24, d. 1723, March 5 m. EBENEZER STONE
MARY NORTON, b. 1680; d. 1749 Oct. 8. m. JOHN SCRANTON

Thomas Norton of Guilford Blaydes Genealógica Bedfordiensis 1890 shows that Thomas Norton and Grace Wells were married in Shelton parish May 5 1631 and Grace Norton daughter of Thomas was baptized Jan 13 1632 in adjoining parish of Deane A son John was baptized Feb 15 1634 and then this family seems to have removed as there are no more entries in the registers.

1609 Thomas Norton, baptized 15 September 1609 at Sharpenhoe, Streatley, Bedfordshire, England, died 16 May 1648, Guilford, New Haven Co., Connecticut; married 5 May 1631 in Shelton Parish, Bedfordshire, England, Grace Wells, born about 1584 in Bedfordshire, England, died August 1648 in Guilford, New Haven Co., Connecticut.
They emigrated with Rev. Mr. Whitfield in 1639 to Guilford, New Haven Colony, Connecticut, where Thomas was a signer of the Plantation Covenant, and one of the original proprietors. There he served as town miller until his death nien years later.
His home lot in Guilford contained two acres and was on the west side of Crooked Lane (now State Street); upon his death the lot fell to his son, John, and was afterwards occupied by Thomas' son-in-law, Lt. William Seward. Thomas also owned seventeen and one-half of "upland in the plains" and a parcel of one and one-half acres of marsh land by the seaside.

Ralph Roister Doister: a comedy

  By Nicholas Udall, Thomas Norton, Thomas Sackville Dorset (Earl of)   source


THOMAS NORTON.

Thomas Norton, of Sharpenhoe, a manor and hamlet in the parish of Streatley,1 Bedfordshire, was a native of that county, and born in 1532. 2 Wood not inaptly calls him " a forward and busy Calvinist, and noted zealot;" but Strype incorrectly describes him as " a minister of good parts and learning," 3 conferring upon him the unattained degree of D.D. *: a mistake into which the style and subjects of Norton's writings might well have led men more accurate than Strype. His father was of a respectable family in the county,5 and belonged to the class of small landed proprietors from which have sprung so many eminent and learned men, but which has well nigh passed away. Thomas Norton was the eldest son by his first marriage; the mother dying, the father, when advanced in life, married a second wife—a lady who had been brought

1 JEt.51, " et amplius," in March, 1582-3. See Inquisition p. m., taken at Luton 27th December, 26th Elizabeth, on his father's death. In the parliaments holden 4 and 5 P. and M. and 1st Elizabeth, Thomas Norton sat as member for Gatton; and in 13th and 14th Elizabeth Thomas Norton, a freeman of the Grocers' Company, sat for the city of London, and was an active member. There is reason to suppose that he was our author's father.
2 Six miles from Luton. In the Lansd. MSS., 27, 61 (1578), is a pedigree of the Yorkshire " Nortons, the rebels," of whom Christopher and Thomas were executed for high treason at Tyburn 27th May, 1570. They were connected by marriage with the Plumptons, Mortons, Thurlands, Tanckerdes of Boroughbridge, and other Soman Catholics of the North. They are of different blood, and are the family of Nortons referred to in Strype's Annals, vol. ii., part i., p. 577-8 : and in Wordsworth's " White Doe of Rylstone." They were ancestors of Sir Fletcher Norton.
3 Strype's Parker, vol. ii., p. 142. i Annals, vol. ii., part ii., p. 363. 5 The arms of Norton of Streatley were—Gu. a fret ar.: over all a bend vary, or. and of the first. Lansd. MSS. 854, p. 18.

up in the family of Sir Thomas More—and by her he had several sons.1 He was still living, though extremely ill when he lost his second wife in the year 1581: and died at Sharpenhoe, 10th March, 1582-3,2 having witnessed nearly all his sons' career. He held for^ life, with remainder to his son Thomas, the advowson and right of presentation to Streatley, together with the rectorial tithes of Streatley and Sharpenhoe,3 as well as the manor and mansion of Sharpenhoe, and other land there.

There is no trace of the school in which Norton was taught the rudiments of the Latin tongue, of which, at an early period of his life (although he had not then proceeded to either University), he was a complete master; but he very soon obtained the substantial patronage of the Protector Somerset : and was in such favour, that he is thought by Herbert* " to have been the state amanuensis." When only eighteen years of age his first work appeared : it was printed in October, 1550,5 and was a very well executed translation of Peter Martyr's letter to Somerset,6 rendered into English at the desire of Norton's patron. Somerset did not long live to patronize and assist; and Norton, turning his attention to the law as a profession, entered himself, in 1555, as a student of the Inner Temple.7 His success in his profession shows that he must have studied the law diligently; and yet, during the very period of his keeping his terms, he found time for those literary labours, which have commended him to us.

1 See Fletewoode's Letter, post., p. liii.
2 Inquisition p. m., 26th Elizabeth, No. 12.
3 These tithes were granted to him by Henry VIII., by patent, in 1525.
4 Typogr. Antiq., 674. * Warton, H. E. P., vol. iii., p. 149.
6 It is curious that the last work of the writer of our earliest comedy, and the first work of Norton, should be translations of the works of the same author, published nearly at the same time.
7 " 1555, Thomas Norton, of London." Records of Inner Temple.

Calvin dated from Geneva, on 1st August, 1559, the last corrected edition of his work, " The Institutions of the Christian Religion ;" and immediately afterwards, Norton, at the special request of his " dear friends," Reginald Woolfe and Edward Whitehurche,1 translated it " out of Latin into English for the commodity of the Church of Christ," that " so great a jewel might be made most beneficial; that is to say, applied to most common use."2 The work was published in 1561, and in Norton's lifetime went through five editions. Of the mode in which he executed his task, and of its success, he has given us3 a full account.

" I performed my work in the house of my friend Edward Whitchurch." He says he determined " to follow the words so neere as the phrase of the English tongue would suffer me." * * " All that I wrote, the grave, learned, and vertuous man, Mr. David Whitehead (whom I name with honorable remembrance), did among other compare with the Latine, examining every sentence thorowout the whole booke." * * " Since which time I have not beene advertised by any man of any thing which they would require to be altered. Neither had I myselfe, by reason of my profession, being otherwise occupied, leisure to peruse it; and that is the cause why not only at the second and third time, but also at this impression, you have Do change at all in the worke, but altogether as it was before." And he concludes by saying, " I confesse indeed it is not finely and pleasantly written, nor carrieth with it such delightfull grace of speech as some great, wise men have bestowed upon some foolisher things, yet it containeth sound truth, set forth with faithfull plainneness, without wrong done to the author's meaning."

This book was by no means a light labour, yet it was not Norton's only literary effort at this time. At the Christmas of the same year, he had written, in conjunction with Thomas Sackville, the Tragedy of " Gorboduc." Norton had previously courted the Muses in some recommendatory verses prefixed to " Turner's Preservative," a tract against the Pelagians, dedicated to Hugh Latimer, and printed in 1551.*

In 1562 appeared the first entire version of the Psalter in English metre, to which Norton contributed, and studiously supplied the deficient numbers. " The initials5 T. N. are to a second translation of 51; but the usual distinguishment was only the N., as prefixed to 75, 101, 102, 105, 106, 108, 109, 110, 115, 116, 117, 118, 129,1 131,2 135, 136,3 138 to 145 inclusive, 147, 149 and 150: in all twenty-eight."4 Of the want of poetical merit in Sternhold and Hopkins' Psalter, the baldness of expression, the bad construction of the metre, and the shifts and transposition of words to lengthen out a stanza and form a rhyme, only one opinion now prevails; and it is certain, says Warton,5 " that in Norton's Psalms we see none of those sublime strokes which Sir Philip Sydney discovered in that venerable drama," Gorboduc
6 But we have two better specimens of Norton's versification, preserved among the Cotton MSS. ;
7 the second has been already printed by Ellis in his specimens,
8 but with some errors. The first has not been met with in print.

1 Sec his Preface to the fourth edition.
2 Ibid.
3 Ibid.
4 Warton, II. E. P., vol. iii.,p. 289, note.
5 Cens. Lit., vol. x., p. 8.


1 This was a substitute for Whittingham's.
2 Letter M (Mardley), in edition of 1581 ; the other authorities N. This accounts for the common error of ascribing twenty-seven only to Norton.
3 A second version by T. C. (Thomas Churchyard ?) added at some period after 1583.
4 The Psalms, with Norton's initial afterwards varied, versions by other hands appearing instead of Norton's. For instance, in Field's Bible, 1657, No. 132, has the initial M., and differs in some few words from Norton's version, in that Bible and in the recent edition of the Common Prayer, 1800, numbers 75 and 108 are Hopkins; and in the same edition of the Common Prayer, 101, 102, 105, 106, 109, 110, 111, 115, 116, 117, 118, 129, 131, 132, 135, 136, 138 to 145 inclusive, 147, 149 and 150, are the twenty-seven ascribed to Norton; but 109 is a different version from Norton's, and he did not write 111 or 132.
5 Hist. E. P., vol. iii., p. 149.
6 Gabriell Harvey, in his Pierces Supererogation, (1593) says, "How few may wage comparison with Reynolds, Stubbes, Mulcaster, Norton, Lambert, and the Lord Henry Howard? whose several writings the silver file of the workman recommendeth to the plausible entertainment of the daintiest censure."
7 Titus A., xxiv., fol. 79 b and 80 b. 8 Vol. ii., p. 136.


Stay, gentle friend, that passest by,
And learn the lore, that ledythe all:
From whence they come, with haste to gye,
To live, to die, to stand, to fall.
And learn that strength and lusty age,
That wealth, with want of worldly woe,
Can not resist the mighty rage
Of death, our best unwelcome foe.
For hopefull youth had hyghte me health,
My lust to last, till time to dye :
And fortune found my virtue wealth,
But yet for all that here I lye.
Learn also this, to ease thy mind,
When death in corps hath wrought his spite,
A time of triumph shalt thou find
With me to scorn him in delight:
For one day shall we meet again
Maugore death's dart, in life to dwell;
Then shall I thank thee of thy pain—
Thus mark my words, and fare thou well.

A man may live thrice Nestor's life,
Thrice wander out Ulysses' race,
Yet never find Ulysses' wife;
Such change hath chaunced in this case;
Less time will serve than Paris had,
Small pain (if none be small inonghe)
To find great' store of Helen's trade;
Such sap the root doth yield the bowghe !
For one good wife Ulysses slew
A worthy knot of gentle blood;
For an2 ill wife Greece overthrew
The town of Troy. Both3 bad and good
Work mischief; Lord let be thy will
To keep me free from either ill!

'"Good." Ellis. 2«One." Ellis.

3 " Sith." Ellis.

Norton for a time turned his thoughts from the law, anu entered himself, in 1565, at Pembroke Hall, Oxford, where he was resident when the first edition of his play was published, and where he took his degree of M.A. in 1569. It is not improbable that, as his friend and recent patron, Sackville, had by a lavish expenditure become involved, and was travelling in Italy, and as Norton's religious opinions were very strong, not to say puritanical, he intended to devote himself to a religious life. Whilst at college, and in the year 1567, his excess of zeal displayed itself in three pamphlets, published by his printer, John Daye, but without the author's name.

" A bull graunted by the pope to Doctor Harding and other, by reconcilement and assoyling of English papistes, to undermyne faith and allegeance to the Quene; with a true declaration of the intention and frutes thereof, &c."

" A disclosing of the sreat bull, and certain calves that he hath gotten, and specially the monster bull that roared at my lord by shops gate." Reprinted in the Harleian Miscellany, vol. vii., p. 535, where the name of the writer is misprinted J/orton; and

" An addition declaratorie to the bulles, with a searching of the maze."

The close of the year in which he left the University was marked by the great northern insurrection, which broke out in Yorkshire in the beginning of November, and was quelled by Sussex at the end of December, 1569. The opportunity was too tempting, and Norton1 addressed an eloquent letter, published by Henry Bynneman " To the Queene's Maiestes poore decey ved subiectes of the north countrey, drawen into rebellion by the Earles of Northumberland and Westmerland."2 They had " purified Durham Cathedral" by burning the versions of the Bible and the books of public devotion, and for this they are soundly rated: " Christians I cannot term you, that have defaced the communion of Christians, and, in destroying the

1 Strype, Annals, vol. i., part ii., p. 603, erroneously states this letter to have been written by Sir Thomas Smith.
2 Extracts are given in Ccns. Lit., x., p. 98, and also in the Restituta, v., p. 33.

booke of Christes most holie testament, renounced your partes by his testament bequethed vnto you." This tirade did not suffice; and in 1570 Norton published, at John Daye's,1 his " Warning against the dangerous practices of the Papists, and specially the Partners of the late rebellion;" and in it he gave a curious but evidently exaggerated account of the diligence of the disaffected in spreading rumours and news.

Another knot of such good companie be common rnmor-spreders, of whom the publike fame is, that there be or have bene certaine notable and noted walkers in Paule's and such places of resort, so common that the very usuall places of their being there are ordinarily knowen by the name of Papist's corner, and Lier's bench, saving that I heare say now of late many of them flocke more into the middle isle, which is supposed to be done partly to shunne publike noting, partely for better hearkening, and partely for more commodious publishing. The suspicion, grudge, and talke goeth among the Quene's good subjectes, how such fellowes be the coyners of newes; in the beginning of the rebellion how lustie they were, how their countenances, their fleering, their flinging paces, their whisperings, shewed their hartes; how they had newes of every encrease, of every going forward, and every avantageable doing of the rebelles; how they have newes out of Fraunce and Flaunders with the soonest, God knoweth what they send thither, and with what reciprocation they requite such newes againe; how they had newes of the late horrible murder ere it was done, as if they had ben accessaries before the fact; how they write letters at home directed to themselves ; how with these pretty letters, while they be fresh bleeding, that is, so scarcely drie that the ink blotteth, with their great countenances, and their wondrous intelligence and great insightes in secrets of princes, as if they were kinges' cousines, and with their offrings of wagers, and such other braggeries, they deface (as men say) all that can be brought or reported never so truly of any good successe to the Quene or her frendes.

Another politico-religious work of the same period was " A discourse touching the pretended match betwene the duke of Norfolcke and the Quene of Scottes," published anonymously ; and a more valuable and more popular work was also published by him in 1570, " A translation of Dean NowclFs Catechism," which went through four editions in seven years.

1 Wright's Queen Elizabeth, vol. i., p. 346, note.

On leaving Oxford, Norton gave up any notion, he might have had, of entering the church, and applied himself to his profession ; not abandoning, however, either his love of polemical writing, or his unceasing attacks upon the " Papists," whom he called " the common enemies of all sides of Christians." He had become a retainer at the court.1 He was already well known to the Lord Treasurer, and his writings had made him acquainted with Whitgift. When that prelate contemplated an answer to " An admonition to the parliament," Norton took it upon himself to address to him a long letter, dated 20th October, 1572,2 to dissuade him from the work—doubting whether it were not " best policy to let the matter die quietly ;" declaring that it was " good to contain controversies within schools, and not to carry them to Paul's Cross and elsewhere abroad ;" referring to the hurt which the division of the Lutherans and Zuinglians had done; and recommending the " Good Mr. Doctor, before he went any further with the book, to confer with some grave, wise men, and especially such as have been rather beholders than actors in this tragedy." Whitgift combated his views, and the other side continuing to write, Norton changed his opinion. Nevertheless, he became an object of suspicion to Archbishop Parker, with whom he had to set himself right. Strype3 tells us, that

This man was thought to stand somewhat affected to the Puritans, because he would often blame the favour of the state towards Papists, and the forbearance of the execution of laws, that were made against them. These and such like expressions falling from him, having long before this given some jealousies to the Archbishop, Norton now, to set himself right with his Grace, assured him that he would be no disturber of the peace of the Church, nor did dislike the constitution of it; but that he disliked the defect in the ministration of justice, and that good laws made for the good state of religion were not put in force as they should be : which gave licence to the open adversaries of it. To which the Archbishop himself agreed. So that the Archbishop seemed to dismiss him with good satisfaction. But now Whitgift's book being yet hardly out of the press, a report came to the Archbishop's ears, that Norton was framing, or did intend to frame, an answer thereunto. Norton was known to Whitgift, and had indeed advised him, while he was meditating upon writing a book on behalf of the Church against these men, to consult with some wise men, whether it were not better to forbear writing, and to let the thing sleep of itself, than to blow up the controversy by more writing pro and con. But when he saw the scribbling humour of the other side, that they would not be quiet, then he told Whitgift plainly, that this keeping up the quarrel was on their part, and their fault, not his. And in fine he let the Archbishop know that he was so far from writing against Whitgift, that he could not but approve him and his cause: expressing a great trouble that the Archbishop should have any such belief of him.

1 Strype's Parker, vol. ii., p. 142.
2 The letter is printed at length by Strype. Whitgift, vol. i., p. 58.
3 Parker, vol. ii., p. 142, where the letter is inserted at length.

On 16th January, 1572-3, Norton in his letter stated that he was moved with some grief that Parker could believe upon his respect such matter as Mr. Daly told him, that he should be writing against Mr. Whitgift; his Grace knew, and Mr. Whitgift himself knew, that he was not of that mind ; and after referring to his former conduct with respect to Whitgift's answer, he proceeded :

You see how far this is from that you have heard. It is one thing to mislike the state and doctrine of our Church, as they do, and another thing to dislike the corrupt ministration of justice, and evil executing of the laws as they be. Which is the fault of men, and may without slander of our Church, but rather with honour thereof, be reformed. And yet these very reformations, which your grace desired as much as any man, are not to be sought in such manner as they do ; but in such sort as may be hopeful to prevail. But what need all this ? Your Grace knoweth long ago my whole mind therein. God keep the Church from being troubled with greater things.

Professional business grew upon him apace, and left him no leisure for any further publications, or for revising the editions of those works, which he had already published. He was very soon in good practice as counsel; and on 8th of August, 15To, the recorder Fletewoode, writing to Lord Burghley,1 says,

1 Lansd. MSS., 20, 8.


" Yesterdaye, being Fridaye, in the afternoone, Mr. Hennage, Mr. Wotton, Mr. Norton and I, were with the Master of the Rolles, occupied in passing Mrs. Hester Pickering's joynter, the which we have agreed of, if your Lordship and others of Sir William Pickering's fryendes shall well like of it."

He also became a married man, and had the cares of a family upon him. He did not amass wealth ; but he was confided in by the Lord Treasurer Burghley and by Sir Christopher Hatton. With such interest, in those days used without scruple, it is not surprising that he should become Counsel as well to the City of London1 as to the Stationers' Company ;2 and also a licenser of books,3 by the appointment of the Bishop of London.

Norton's connection with the citizens was made available to

1 At this period, the office of City Solicitor as distinct from city counsel did not exist. The earliest record in the Solicitor's office is in 1607.
3 From the Warden's accounts of the Company, Mr. C. Rivington has kindly supplied us with the following extracts.

The first entry concerning Norton is in the Warden's accounts, July, 1561, to July, 1562.

" Item, payd to Maister Norton for his counsell in drawynge '1 ,s „

or ordenannces J

The second, in the Warden's accounts, July, 1562, to July, 1563.

" Payde to Mr. Norton for his hole yere's fee, due at or Lady

Daye last paste xx"."

There is a like fee entered in the next year; and entries of payments to him of 20*. or 40s. appear constantly, until the account ending July, 1583, inclusive, frequently describing him as " Our Counsellor." In the Warden's accounts of the year ending July, 1584, are the following payments; viz.:—

" Item, paid to Mr. Norton's man for his paines to hclpe us to speake vv* his Mr j"."

" Item, paid to Mr. Norton for his Counsell for Cambridge matters x\" The above is the last entry of any payment to Norton; and on 26th May, 1584, Richard Grafton was appointed his successor. William Norton, who was possibly a relative, was an active and useful member of the newly-chartered Company.

3 In addition to the instances given by Warton, his approbation, under the appointment of the Bishop of London, is to two of Ch. Merbury's works. the Lord Treasurer in matters of finance and in matters of religion. Among the letters of Norton, hitherto unpublished, is the following,1 which contains a fair specimen of the state of economical science, in the days when commerce was making the most rapid strides in all parts of the world :

It may please your good Lordship. The last yere when it pleased you to call me touching the mater of wines, I informed your Lordship that ij Citesens of London, Antonie Kadclif and Henrie Pranell, had an intention in fitt time of yere to offer your Lordship their deuise and trauaile for a good meane for restrayning bothe of the excessive expense and unmeasurable price of wines of France, and then you apointed me, when fitt time served, to putt you in mynde of it, which service I am now to do. Those men haue now endevored to performe it, and to that end haue found the meanes to call together those that occupie that trade, and persuaded them to agree to make no provision for those wines before November at the soonest, wherof shall growe the coinodities, and the incomodities be auoyded, that are mentioned in the petition w°h they herewth exhibit unto you.8 The onely peril is, if the order shold not be generally observed. The time of yere now present may not be overslipped, wherein they beseche your Lordship to have spedy resolution. If there seme to your Lordship any thing doutfull or difficult or wherin you desire to be satisfied, I shalbe redie at your Lordship's cSmandement to deliver you such answer for satisfaction as they in ther trade and experience understand. And so I most humbly comit your Lordship to the tuition of the almightie. At London this 24 of June 1580.

To the right honorable my singular good Lord, the L. High Tresorer of England.

1 Lansd. MSS., 65,41. In the Index the date is wrongly given as 1590.
2 They attributed the high price to the greedy buying and hastily bringing in of the wines of France, by which the prices were enhanced, the wines worse made, the spurying on ship-board what should have

[graphic]

His most congenial occupation, however, was busying himself in finding out and reporting to his patrons the proceedings of the Roman Catholics : and though he did not relish his proper description of a " busy body," he was never better pleased than when he was fairly earning that title, and putting in force the laws against the professors of the ancient faith. In the same month of June, 1580, he wrote1 thus to Burghley:—

My dutie most humbly done, with my wonted petition that my zele in signifieng mater to your Lordship, being so great a personage of her Majesties Counsel, be not imputed to me for a busie qualitie. Your Lordship best knoweth that the place of seriantes is seminarifi of Judges, and the place of Judges not only in their autoritie and function, but also in their countenance to all that growe in that profession of learnyng, hath no small swey in the state, and therfore verie requisite that such as be called to seriantie of law be men well disposed in religion, or at least not notoriously opposed to her Majesties profession and lawes in that behalf. There are now (as is sayd abrode) named ij of everie house to be seriantes, and of Lincolnes inne three. The od man of that house, Mr. Wamslow, in shew a verie yong man and puisne to diverse grave learned auncientes of that house, is of verie many not thought a protestant. It is sayd that upon her Majesties late comission directed into Lank shere, where he dwelleth, it hath been found that a great part of that corner is much infected that way, that his wife and familie do refuse other church service and coinutiion, and that it is douted whether his children were baptised after the maner of our Englishe church or no. And as I heare there be enditementes against him or some of his in those cases.

It may now please your good Lordship to send for Mr. Randolph Hurleston of the inner Temple, who was lately Comissioner from her Majestie for those maters in that shere, and to comaund him to declare to your Lordship what did fall out afore him in that cofilission touching Mr. Wamslow, and how he and his familie are noted in that contrey,

staid longer on land in France, whereby the leakage was excessive, and men bought " they knew not what;" and they proposed as the remedy, that they should not send any ship from England, or buy any wines in France, prior to a particular day in November.

1 Lausd. MSS., 31, 6. We have printed in full only such letters as have not been before printed, or have not been given entire.

that thereupon your Lordship may informe your self what your godly vvisdome shal think meete in this behalf. For the state of that shere, as it hath ben lately reported and openly preached to bee, may and doth to some good Christians seme to require, that at this time specially persons so notoriously touched as by publike detection or enditement, and that so lately done, and somewhat perilous to be rewarded with such worshipfull preferment and degree toward gouernance, or to be suffred in place of Justice of peace in that shere, yea scarce safely to be permitted to be in that contrey unpurged till stormes blowe over.

Withall humblenesse I submit my self to your Lordship's good thinking, and so cSmmit you to the almightie, whom I hartily beseche long to preserve you. At London this 6 of June 1580.

[graphic]

To the right Honorable my singular good Lord the L. Tresorer of England.

And on 30th December, 1580, he wrote to Sir Christopher Hatton,1 complaining of a book written in French, intituled " La innocence de la tres illustre Rayne, ^c." at the end of which was a treatise on the cause of the Duke of Norfolk, " written to the defamation of her Majestic and of his Peers, and of some speciall persones of her Highnes' counsell." He declared that the book, though pretended to be written in French, had been* written in English and translated into JTrench ; and suggested whether Sir Christopher would not think " it good to inquyre the auctor:" adding that Dr. Hammond was well acquainted with his style. He further said, " Your Honor may also send to Mr. Dalton, and aske him whether the same party have not used at Mrs. Arundell's to mayntayne open disputations in defence of papistrie, and chalenged Mr. Dalton and others in that case, uppon wagers."

1 Wright's Elizabeth, vol. ii., p. 123 : Nicolas' Life of Hatton, p. 161.

At length, Norton found employment quite to his taste, in some of those proceedings which disgraced alike the name of Burghley and the reign of Elizabeth. Edmund Campion, the Jesuit, and his fellows, were close prisoners in the Tower, where, in the intervals between the application of the rack, Campion maintained—and for a long time with great success with the public—conferences with Protestants, selected for the purpose, on disputed points of doctrine. Strype1 tells us, that " the course at first taken wanted either order or moderation, or convenient respect of admitting men to be bearers, and so became both fruitless and hurtful; being subject to great harm by reporters ; especially the Popishly affected; who cried out Victory every where on Campion's side." Norton's zeal fired at these failures, and accordingly he2 prepared, and on 28th September, 1581, submitted to the Lord Treasurer several heads of advice for proceeding with the disputations: in these3 he recommended that there should be a certain number of disputers to continue without changing, and a few hearers or moderators only present, with two or three writers to take down the arguments, and that every thing objected to Campion should be written and repeated before the answer. The advice was adopted; and the last conference took place on the following day, Norton himself acting as taker of the notes. The plan proved perfect ; and Norton, in sending his notes, pursuant to the Lord Treasurer's request, accompanied by the letter, which we give

1 Parker, vol. ii., p. 165.
2 Warton (H. E. P., vol. iii., 289, note) says, " In the conferences in the Tower with Campion the Jesuit in 1581, one Norton, but not our author, seems to have been employed as a notary." But it was the same man, as is evident not only from the allusion in the following letter to the order sent to the Lord Mayor about buildings, but also from the handwriting in the several letters. We have given fac-similes, to place this point beyond doubt. In the general Index to Strype, Norton the counsel, and Norton as employed in these conferences, &c, appear as different men.
3 They are printed in Strype's Parker, vol. iii., p. 212, App.


in full, boasted of the merits of his plan ; but " where one party1 argued with the rack in the background, and the executioner within call, the disputation can hardly have been said to have taken place on equal terms; and the inferiority of Campion to his opponents may be accounted for without detracting from his capacity." He seems to have been a man of mild character and accomplished talents: and his " Ten reasons in Defence of the Church of Rome" are admitted by his adversaries to have been ingenious and polite.

My dutie 8 most humbly done to your Lordship. Immediatly upon my eomyng to London, about iiij this afternone I received your Lordships letter to have my notes of the last conference with Campion sent unto you. Whereupon I did furthwith goe to your Lordships house to present it unto you. Bicause you were gone to the court, I have according to my dutie sent it you with as good spede as I can, and the rather this mornyng that it may come time enough, if your Lordship do thereupon gather any cause with the rest of the most honorable to think of any emendement of the order in that course of treatie that hath ben with that Jesuite,3 * * I pray your Lordship to pardon me to say that I think the course hetherto taken either by lack of order or moderacon, or convenient respect of admitting men to be hearers, hath ben bothe frutelesse & hurtfull, and subject to great harme by reportes. The last time I was a meane by advise to have it in some such forme as did better content, and the order to sett down the objections and answers, & to repete them written so as the parties shold acknowlege them to be their owne before any answer or replie made unto them did greatly satisfie the hearers, being so sincerely used that in the whole day Campion could not complaine that I did him wrong in any one word, but airway confessed that his sayengs were rightly conceived & truely set downe, by which meane confusion was avoided, byetalk was cutt of, he

was hardly dryven to the wall, what he ones had granted he could not resume, and our cause is not so subject to false reportes of his favorers.* * My poore opinion herin, which my good frend Mr. Dr. Ilamond doth also allow, I am bolde to send to your Lordship. I beseche you pardon me with your accustomed goodnesse. What service I can do to the church of God, to her Majestie, or your Lordship, I trust you reteine favorable opinion of my redinesse so farr as I am hable.

I humbly comend to your favorable remembraunce, the letter of warrant from your Lordship, etc. to the Lord Archebishop, to grant licence to my Lord Cheyne for removing the bodie of his father & some other of his ancestors to more honorable sepulture in the chirch of Minster in Sheppey.

Your Lordship and the rest of my Lords have lately written to my Lord Maire for execucon of that part of her Majesties proclamacon which concerneth setting up of new byldinges. I beseche your Lordship to geve me leave at your repaire to London, or where it shal please you to comaund me, to informe you of some defectes that way, as I suppose, meete to be offred to your consideracon, bicause they concurre with her Majesties purpose, but not yet mett withall by the words of the letter. And so I humbly leave to troble your Lordships greater affaires w0'1 I beseche Almightie God to prosper with your honorable estate. At London this last of September 1581.'

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To the right honorable my singular good Lord the L. high Tresorer of England.

1 Mackintosh's Hist. Eng., vol. iii., 286.
2 MS. Lands., 33, 61.
3 The portion of this letter between asterisks is quoted by Strype in his life of John Aylmer, p. 199 ; and the latter part is paraphrased in his life of Parker, vol. ii., p. 165, and in his Annals of Reformation, vol. ii., part ii., p. 363, where the portion from the latter asterisk to the end of the sentence is given at length.

He took other part also against the prisoners: he was one of the commissioners who, in conjunction with Thomas Egerton and others, had subscribed, on 7th May, 1581,- the exaurination of Alexander Briant;1 and on 1st August, 1581, the examination of Campion, in which he refused to answer the interrogatory as to the force of Pius the Fifth's Bull excommunicating the Queen; and at Campion's trial, on 20th November following, Norton and his friend Hamond2 were called to verify that examination. These proceedings made Norton equally notorious to and disliked by the Catholics, both abroad and at home. In a work published in 1585, probably under the sanction of the Duke of Guise, entitled " Descriptiones quaedam illius inhumane et multiplicis persecutions quam in Anglia, propter fidem sustinent Catholice Christiani,"3 the plates in which are attributed to Thomas De Lew, the third plate, headed " Tormenta in carceribus inflicta," contains a representation or portrait of Norton, who is thus unenviably referred to: " Nortonus archicarnifex cum suis satellitibus authoritatem suam in Catholicis laniandis immaniter exercet."

His attacks upon the Catholics did not cease with Campion's execution, for he proposed an oath to be administered to " recusants," embodying an oath of allegiance and a denial of the authority of the Pope's bull, by which he had " choked off Campion and others," whereby the " Jury and hearers were satisfied.''4 He recommended it to be sent to every port, to be administered to all persons landing, as " it would keep out Jesuits and traiterous practicers." His zeal, however, far outstripped his discretion, and within a few weeks of Campion's sentence his interrogator was himself in disgrace and imprisoned. The Puritans were extremely violent against the queen's marriage with the Duke D'Anjou, and printed the most flagitious libels upon him and the professors of his faith. Stubbs, of Lincoln's Inn, had been severely punished .for one of these mischievous pamphlets, and Norton's offence appears to have been one of his own publications on that subject. On 28th February, 1581-2, he dates from his " close prisone home in London" a Letter1 to Sir Christopher Hatton, beseeching him to give his good testimony to the Lord Treasurer of his " obsequiousness in her Majesty's service ;" but his vehement hatred of his fellow Christians, and his controversial spirit, could not be restrained even by a prison. He prays Hatton

1 Strype, in his life of Parker, vol. ii., p. 165, says, " This happened the latter end of September, 1580;" but he gives the correct date, 1581, in the Appendix, vol. iii.

1 Howeirs State Trials, vol. i., p. 1078. s Ibid., p. 1062.

3 See Cens. Lit., vol. vii., p. 75.

4 Lands. MSS., 155, No. 32, p. 84. The paper is headed " Mr. Norton's devises;" and it is followed by a long series of suggestions for proceedings in the Universities, Schools, Inns of Court, &c, to keep down the Catholics; which, though not directly ascribed to Norton, areassuredly his.

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" To be assured that I am still, as you have ever knowne me, a true foole at the worst. For the matter of your Letter, I am so throwne downe in harte, and in loathing of myne arrogancie, in offending her whom I least should, and never willinglie would; I take God to witnes, that since my last check, I never durst enter into any matter of state uncommanded; and I do so flee the perill of offence that way, that I have not conceived the hardines once to go aboute any such work. I feare lest the Queen's ould enemies and myne, the papistes, have spred this rumour of me, to increase my trouble, as of one that even in restraynte cannot have grace or patience to be silent. Neverthelesse, if I were commanded by my lorde Treasurer, my singular good Lorde, to deale in it, whom it toucheth especially, and who, by employment in her Majestie's service that way, hath some understanding of this case, the papistes should knowe that howesoever I lye on the grounde and crye on my knees to my soverayne lorde and lady, God and the Quene, that yet Norton, with a true man's harte and face, can and dare speake on tiptoe." " And for the printing I must not forgett that I have your Honor's letters." 2

He was soon released through the intercession of Sir Christopher and the Lord Treasurer ; and writing to Sir Christopher on 10th April following, since her Majesty had extended to him her merciful grace in his enlargement, he thanked Sir Christopher and Lord Burghley, " to whom I am most highly bounden for my delyverie by his mediation ;" and speaks of his " so greate hope to so poore a man, so burthened with charge as I am, and the lamentable estate of my poor wife, whereof I am not yet in full hope of recoverie, and her losse Were my utter worldly destruction."

1 Wright's Elizabeth, vol. ii., p. 167. Nicolas' Life of Hatton, p. 234.
2 Nicolas' Life of Hatton, p. 234.

The year 1581 was otherwise unfortunate to Norton, for he then lost, by drowning, his mother-in-law. The recorder Fletewoode,1 in making Secretary Walsingham aware of the case and asking for the protection of the Court of Wards, gives an account of the calamity:

" The truth is, that within these twoo dayes Mr. Norton's mother hath drowned her self. His father being very aged and extreme sick is not lyke to lyve. His habitation is nere to Bedford. * * This woman was but mother-in-lawe to Tho. Norton. She in her youth was brought up in Sir Tho. More's howse, in which place she dyd lerne the idolatries, toyes, and usages in the night seasons, as thereby she was ledd by evill spirittes some tyme to hange her self, and some tyme to drowne her self. Some parte of her lewd demeanor was in the exercise of Nicromancia: that is to saye, in conferences and speeches had (as she thought) with dead bodies, being of her old acquayntances." The recorder wrote the account of this accident, because she had " left behind her divers children, who are but half brothers to Tho. Norton, the which are shrewdlie given. And if the old man shuld die, it is to be feared all his goods will come to a spoile. And therefore if Mr. Peter Osborne2 had any commandement, I thinke he could devise some good order for the saving of things that may be lost. I beseeche your honor to make my lord Treasurer," who was master of the wards, " acquaynted with this unfortunat case, for surely I am lothe to troble his honor with such unpleasant matters."

In his capacity of Counsel to the Stationers' Company, Norton was very energetic in the enforcement of penalties against the

1 Lansd. MSS., 32, 9. Incorrectly quoted in Strype's Annals, v. iii., pt. i., p. 92.
2 Strype calls him " a worthy citizen and remembrancer of the Exchequer." Ibid.

contumacious printers. He had been " appointed' by the Privy Council one of a commission to inquire into certain disputes respecting the trade of printing;" and in the following letter2 he particularly complains of Wolfe, (whom at Mr. George Goring's intercession he had released from prison,) " who had procured his freedom from the Fishmongers' Company." The first sentence is a very early, if not the earliest mention of a regular series of the Bills of Mortality3: the constant recurrence of the plague gave an additional and temporary interest to Norton's compilation.

It may please your good Lordship to accept of your most bounden, this simple boke of note of the death etc. wekely in London the out parishes adjoyning, from the yere 1577 hetherto.

May it further please you to know, that of late certaine inferior persons of the stationers setting up presses moe than I think England may beare, having not wherewith to finde their presses worke, did contrarie to the Q. lettres patents and a decree in the starre chamber, enterprise to print other mens copies forbidden to them and privileged to other by her Majesties lettres patents, wherof some were obteyned by your Lordships good meanes, specially for your old honest servant Mr. Seres & his sonne. This autorite of privileging your Lordship knoweth to be due to her Majestie, to have ben used by her progenitors and to be used by all Christian princes.

These inferiors have printed those privileged copies, and have made petition to the Counsel that they may be allowed so to do. And having their petition they putt it in execution, by order from my Lords signified by Mr. Secretarie. Mr. Dr. Hamond, and I travailed to accord the cause. The Queenes patentees yelded as much as in courtesie or reason we could desire. One Wolf a fishmonger using printing taking upon him as a capitaine, was content with no agreement but generally affirmed that he may & will print any lawfull boke notwithstanding any commandment of the Quene, and to that end he hath incensed the popularitie of London as in a comon cause, somewhat dangerously against the Queues proclamation; he is gone to the court, under pretense that he is servant to

1 Collier's Hist. Engl. Dram. Poetry, vol. ii., p. 482.

» Lands. MSS., 48, 81.

3 They were first compiled in 1562.

Mr. George Goring, whome he stirreth to mainteine him in this case. Mr. Goring' hath written to me for him, as appereth by his letter which I send your Lordship, and therin semeth to signifie that he will seke to your Lordship for relefe of Wolf his man. That your Lordship may be informed of the case when he shall sue to you, I have sent you bothe his

1 From Norton's answer to Mr. Goring, also dated 23 October, the following list of printers thus privileged is interesting and worthy of extract:—

" The privileges now extant are these.

"Barker the Quenes printer by office and patent hath, Bibles, Statutes, proclamacons and other English bokes published for the Quene.

" Mr. Plowre the Quene's latine printer hath the gramar and accidence as his predecessor... [h]ad, yet he hath dispersed it among 5 householders of the companie.

" Tottel, at sute of the Judges hath the coiiion law bokes, whereof Mr. Nicasius hath reversion.

"John Daie at sute of my Lord of Leicester hath the psalmes in meeter, and the litle A. B. C. and catechisme, which A. B. C. and catcchisme, he hath dispersed to vij or eight householders of the Companie, and if he had it not the Quene's printer shold have it by office.

" William Seres at sute of my L. Treasorer hath primers and psalters, which if he had not, the Quene's printer shold have by office, he hath also all bokes of privat prayers, but for those he hath yelded that if your man or any other brother shal procure any such boke to be made, whereof the patentee is not the first printer, they shall have it notwithstanding his privilege; also he hath dispersed the use of his priviledge to vij or viij householders of the companie, and will abide any reasonable order.

" Bird, and Tallys her majestie servante have musike bokes with note, which the complainiante confesse they wold not print nor be furnished to print thoughe there were no previlege. They have also ruled paper for musike.

" Binneman at the sute of my Lord of Lecestcr and Mr. Vicechamberlaine, hath Dictionaries and Chronicles, wherein yet he yeldeth as much as Seres, and in the meane time hath dispersed a great part of his privilege, and is redy to disperse more among householders of the companie.

" Marshe and Vautrollier have certaine speciall scholebokes, wherein yet when they be spoken with it is thought they wilbe reasonable.

" Otherwise we finde none to have privilege, but generally as your man, and all other printers have, which is to have the sole printing of letters & a copie of my answer, wherin the truthe shal apperc, which I beseche your Lordship to consider. A more ample declaration of the mater and the decree of the Sterr Chamber remaineth with Mr. Secretarie, whoe hath dealt in this case for the Quene and justice honorably. Mr. Hamond and I in our conscience have done truely dutiefully, and as we know your Lordship will mainteine the Quenes just autoritie, so we trust we having served sincerely shal not be defamed. I beseche your Lordship to take all my poore services in good part. And so I leave to troble your Lordship.

At London this 23 of Octob. 1582.

Your Lordships most humble
& bounden,

Tho. Norton.

He had just brought Henry Bynneman to account; and on the 5th January, 1582-3, Norton wrote to Hatton ' that Bynneman " being charged with complaints of some of his company for obtaining her Majesty's privilege for printing of certain books, hath in his defence exhibited Her Majesty's letters patent," to which the Company submitted; but as he had " yet upon charitable motions for relief of the poor of that company yielded some good part of his right," the feet is notified to Hatton that he may have the more cause to continue to him his accustomed goodness.

At this period, Norton's high attainments as a lawyer and as city adviser remained unimpaired. He advised the Lord Mayor (Sir Thomas Blanke) in reforming the catalogue of victuallers' houses infected by the plague within the city, and as his lordship, on 14th January, 1582-3, wrote to Lord Burghley,2 Norton had " therein speciall regarde to two thinges, the one to give suche plaine description and note of such bookes as any learned man shall make at their charge or geve unto them. And it wer greatly to the hurt of the universities and learning to take from them the reward for travailing in making or translating of Liokes, which must nedes be, if he that rewardeth the learned man shold not have the profit thereof."

1 Nicolas' Hatton, p 305. - Lands. MSS., 37, 4.

the stretes and places as maye serve for easy notice to suclie as repaire to this citie, the other that it be in suche shortenes as maye be brought into lesse than one face of a shete of paper to be fixed in places convenyent." On the 19th of the same month, (January) by commission from Mr. Secretary, as Fletewoode records,1 " Mr. Attorney,2 Solicitor Norton, and myself, sat in the Temple Hall, about the Isle of Serke, and for the execution of justice there. The strife is betweene Sir Thomas Layton and a gentleman of Gersey."

In the spring of the following year (1584), Norton was staying at Sharpenhoe, or Shapnoll, as it was then called, where he was taken seriously ill and died, having survived his father only a single year. On his father's death, he had come into possession of his estates ; and in the month of May, 1583, he made a provision for his wife and children, by giving to her the mansion of Sharpenhoe for life, with an annuity, and by conveying the remainder of his real estate to his brother, Lucas Norton, of the Inner Temple,3 for his children. On his deathbed he disposed of his personal property by a nuncupative will, which was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 15th April, 1584, by his brother and executor, Thomas Cranmer.

In the name of God Amen, Thomas Norton of Shapnoll in the Countie of Bedford Esquier A daye or twoo before his deathe or thereaboutes beinge sicke and weake of boddy But yet of good and perfect remembraunce made his last Will and Testamente nuncupatiue And thereof made his brother Thomas Cranmer his Executour To whome hee commytted the ordering and disposing of all his goods to be ymployed to the vse and behooffe of his wifife and childrenn. Theise beinge wittnesses William Home, vicar of Luton in the saide Countie of Bedford, the saide Maister Nortons Phisition and divers others.

Of his children, or of their descendants, we have not been able to find direct trace. The registers of Streatley commence

1 Lands. MSS., 37, 5. 2 Popham.

3 Inquisit. p. m., taken at Luton, 27 June, 26th Elizabeth, No. 38.

only in 1693, and the name does not occur in them, nor are there any tombs or inscriptions ; and in the visitations of Bedfordshire there are the arms of two families of Norton, without any pedigree. His widow, Elizabeth, was residing in Holborn, when the inquisition post mortem was taken, in June, 1584; and his brother Lucas, who had been admitted to the Inner Temple in the previous year, was resident there. The family of Norton were owners of Sharpenhoe for more than a century after Thomas Norton's death. In 1613, Luke Norton and Lettice his wife were in possession. They had a son named Gravely Norton. Richard Norton, who lived at Mitcham, Surrey, by his will, dated 10th August, 1686, founded at Sharpenhoe a school (still in existence) for eight children, and charged his manor of Sharpenhoe with the annual payment of .flO for its support.1 He left a sou John and a daughter Dorothy, who married Richard Laurence ; she died in 1701.2 The manor afterwards passed to the Smyths, the present owners.

1 Charity Commis. Report, vol. 5, p. 42.

8 On a monument against the north wall of the north aisle of the chancel in the old church of Mitcham was a monument with this inscription : (Manning and Bray's Surrey, vol. ii., p. 501.) " Near this place lye the bodys of Dorothy, late wife of Richard Laurence, and daughter of Richard Norton, Esq., formerly of this parish, who departed this life the 9th day of December, 1701 : together with her three sons— William, William, and Richard, as also her daughter Ellen : her three sons being removed from the parish church of St. Mildred, in the Poultry, London, by her direction, to be buried with her here. To her perpetual memory, here she lies, The best of mothers, friends, and wives."

 

JOHN NORTON
He was descended from respectable ancestors and was born May 6th, 1606, at Starford, in the county of Hertford. He early discovered uncommon talents, and entered the University of Cambridge at fourteen. Here he shone as a scholar, and took his first degree. A zealous Catholic, who regarded him as a youth of much promise, endeavoured to have him embrace the profession of Popery. The attempt was vain. Mr. Norton’s father having become embarrassed in his pecuniary affairs, he left college and engaged as an Usher and Curate in his native place.

At this time, however, he felt not the power of religion. But he soon realized the deep necessities of his soul and penitently fled to the Saviour for help and eternal life. He rapidly gained the reputation of an able minister of the New Testament. His uncle offered him a considerable benefice; but he could not subscribe to the conditions, with which it was clogged. For a similar reason he declined a fellowship, as proffered him by Dr. Sibs, master of Catherine Hall in Cambridge.

Still he was not idle. He served as Chaplain to Sir Wm. Marsham, while waiting to see if a more extensive sphere of usefulness would be opened to him. Perceiving that his expectations in this respect were crossed by the impositions of Church Conformity, he resolved to visit the refuge of the Puritan Pilgrims. In one attempt to effect this purpose, he came near being shipwrecked between Harwich and Yarmouth. The vessel had to return, which disappointed him for that season. The next year he was enabled to succeed. When he departed from England, an aged clergyman said "he believed that there was not more grace and holiness left in all Essex, than what Mr. Norton had carried with him."

Previously to his embarkation, he married a lady of considerable estate and of estimable character, who accompanied him. Mr. Norton arrived at Plymouth, Oct. 1635. Here he was invited to settle, as well as at Ipswich. While considering which of these towns he ought to choose, he resided in Boston. At this time his controversial abilities were called into exercise by the arguments of a French Friar. — 1637. He was an influential member of the Synod, which sat to compose the differences between the advocates and opposers of Mrs. Hutchinson. He finally concluded to make Ipswich the field of his labors. He assisted Mr. Ward, and was ordained Teacher when Mr. Rogers was ordained Pastor. 5

As he was looking for friends from England to join him here, he desired farms to be laid out for them. This was granted. — 1639, Nov. 5th. The General Court vote him two hundred acres of land. — 1645, Dec. 22d. He dates his Answer to Questions on Ecclesiastical Government, as proposed by the Rev. Wm. Apollonius, of Middleburg, under direction of the clergymen of New Zealand. Mr. Norton composed this reply at the request of New England Ministers. It is able, and classically written in Latin, and contains a valuable exposition of Church usages among our fathers. It was the first book, composed in that language, that was ever printed in this country. While he was engaged about it, some of his people thought his sermons not so good as usual. They desired Mr. Whiting, of Lynn, to mention the subject to him. Mr. Norton took the admonition in good part and gave it suitable heed. Fuller, in his "Church History," says of this production, "Of all authors I have perused concerning those opinions, none to me was more informative than John Norton’s; one of no less learning than modesty." Mr. Norton sent a Latin letter to John Drury (who labored in vain to promote pacification among the Reformed Churches), which was signed by forty-three clergymen. — 1646, Sept. 2d. As a member of the Synod, convened at Cambridge, he preaches in Boston. His discourse, as it was intended, led the church there to lay aside their scruples about being represented in such an Assembly. — 1647. He had an efficient hand in forming the Cambridge Platform. He proposed to have some rules connected with it, as to the watch which churches should have over their baptized children. But he withdrew his motion because of some opposition, though similar rules were adopted fourteen years afterwards. — 1651, May 7th. Mr. Wm. Pynchon is to appear before the General Court, Dec. 14th, when Mr. Norton’s Answer to his Treatise on Redempton [sic] and Justification is to be ready. This reply was presented the next Session and ordered to England to be printed. — After the death of the Rev. John Cotton, 1652, who advised his church to obtain Mr. Norton, if they could, he began to preach for them. They supposed that Ipswich Church would consent to part with him for the greater good of the colony. In addition to this, Mr. Norton had wished to return to England, and his people had agreed, that, if he did not alter his mind, he might go. But when they perceived that he was likely to reside in Boston, they demurred as to his removing thither. Hence a sharp controversy arose between the two churches. — 1653, May 18th. The Legislature, lamenting the decease of Mr. Cotton, congratulate Mr. Norton on his acceptance of the call from Boston. This year he has much influence in preventing a war with the Dutch at Minhadoes. After the death of Mr. Rogers, the Ipswich Church renewed their claim on Mr. Norton. The Governor and Magistrates called a council, stating, that, while such counter claims were insisted on, there was danger that Mr. Norton would carry into effect his previous design, of leaving the Colony. The agitation of the question, what Mr. Norton ought to do, was so long and so vehement, that it excited the fears of many, lest it should seriously and extensively injure chief priest in Boston, by the immediate power of the Lord, was smitten and died." The delivery and discourses of Mr. Norton were of the first order. His devotional performances were uncommonly interesting. One of his church-members at Ipswich, after his removal to Boston, would commonly walk thither, then about thirty miles distant, so that he might hear him at the weekly lecture, and would remark, "that it was worth a great journey to be a partaker in one of Mr. Norton’s prayers." This eminent servant of the Lord knew what the frowns of enemies were, as well as the smiles of friends. But his fortitude, based on Christian principles, suffered him not to sink under the apparent and expressed displeasure of his opponents. He was glad to have it in his power so to act, as to merit and receive the approbation of the worthy, while he pitied those who envied his fame, and prayed for their highest welfare. He was, undoubtedly, one of the greatest divines, who ever graced this or any other country. He was emphatically "diligent in business, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord." As the result of this, many souls were given to him as the seals of his ministry. He realized that all his earthly portion of honors and enjoyments would soon pass away, and he purposed and acted with a wise reference to an incorruptible heritage. When the message of death came, it found him in his Master’s service, and quickly changed his mortal for an immortal existence, wherein he might receive, with perfected saints, abounding knowledge, improvement, engagedness, and bliss, in glorifying God for ever and ever.


Guild of Pepperers
in London. This guild is one of the earliest of the 12 powerful guilds of London and undoubtably was established well before 1180, almost certainly as a consequence of discovering pepper during the Crusades. From the beginning, these guilds controlled the flow of pepper and other spice into England. By 1328 the guild had been formally registered as an importer of spices in large, or gross, amounts: its members were called grossarii, from which comes the modern word grocer. The spicers and pepperers guild was granted a charter by Henry VI as "The Grocery Company" to sell wholesale-vendre en gros and to manage the trade in spices, drugs, and dye stuffs. This organization was given the exclusive power to "garble," that is, to cleanse, separate, and select spices and medicinal products. St. Anthony was the patron saint of the spicers, pepperers, and grocers.


 

 


Bonham Norton was the Kings printer and had arms assigned to him by Camden 1611. General armory two; Alfred Morant's additions and corrections to Burke's General armory, by Cecil R Humphery-Smith; Alfred William Whitehead Morant; Bernard Burke, Sir Sheriff of Shropeshire 1611 d.Apr 5,1635 son Roger d.1661

THE name of Norton appears no fewer than twelve times in the list of Masters of the Stationers' Company, a record that is unlikely to be beaten. In almost a century, between 1581 and 1687, two members of the family held the office three times (William and Bonham); one, John, held it twice, and the fourth and last (Roger) held it four times. The first Master, in 1581-2 and two subsequent terms, was William Norton; the second was his nephew, John, Master in 1607-8 and 1611-1612; the third was William's son, Bonham, Master in 1613-14 and two subsequent terms. The fourth and last was Bonham's grandson, Roger, who was Master in 1678-9 and three subsequent terms. The family came originally from Shropshire. William Norton was probably born in the parish of Onibury in that county in 1526-7.

John Norton was the son of Richard Norton a yeoman of Billingsley county Shropshire he was nephew of William Norton (1537-1593) and cousin of Bonham Norton and was thus connected by marriage with the sixteenth century bookseller William Bonham He was three times Master of the Stationers Company in 1607 1610 and 1612 On his death in 1612 he left 1000 to the Company of Stationers not as is generally stated as a legacy of his own but rather as trustee of the bequest of his uncle William Norton The bulk of his property he left to his cousin Bonham Norton P.C.C. 5 Capell



Found in Sommerset

Somersetshire Norton
Nicholas Norton b.1610 of Martha's Vineyard, MA
emigrated from Somersetshire, England and probably came from the vicinity of Batcombe or Broadway in that county

These arms are associated with this family:

In January of 1950, Mr. Henry Franklin Norton, curator of the Duke's County Historical Society on Martha's Vineyard, very kindly sent me a coat of arms which he permitted me to photograph. Data on the back of the frame indicated that the coat of arms had been presented to the Norton family at the time of "the War of the Roses", when a Norton is supposed to have saved the King's life on the battlefield with three thrusts of his sword. A copy of this coat of arms was presented by Lord and Lady Warwick to Madame Lillian Norton (aka Lillian Nordica), famous operatic soprano, a daughter of Edwin Norton, when she was a guest of theirs in England. She later presented her cousin, Henry Franklin Norton with a ring on which this coat of arms was engraved. In 1925 when he visited Warwick Castle, the guide who was an authority on heraldry, upon seeing the ring, proved by records available that it was an authentic coat of arms given to ancestor Nicholas Norton.
contributed by Debora Norton Streadwick norstreads@gmail.com
...this is from the book written by Alton Ackley Norton Jr Appendix- sheet "B"
Pedigree of Nordica

William Norton b.abt. 1535
tanner, of White Lackington, Sommerset about 1540 described as the eldest of the family, but his parentage is unknown.
  WILLIAM Norton, executor of the will of his uncle, Robert of Wells.
Ancestry test

DNA 8629

Nicholas Norton
b. (1562.from biography) alt b.1575 White, Somerset, , England
d. 1620 Broadway, Somerset, , England

removed from White Lackington with his father when a child, and died there at the age of 54 years (1616) as described in the chancery suit. That he was a man above the average is shown by the fact of his occupying the position of church warden of the parish (1599) but as the parish register does not exist prior to 1678 it is not possible at present to determine the names of but half of his eight children. The attested copies of parish registers then required by church law preserved the names of three of them and the chancery suit furnishes the name of his eldest son. Unfortunately, the Bishops Transcripts of Broadway Parish in the Diosceasan Registry at Wells for the years 1609-11 inclusive, the particular years in which we should undoubtedly find the baptism of our Nicholas whose birth fell, as we know, within those years are missing from the files.

Broadway, situated in the Hundred of Bulstone, is so-called, because it consists of one wide street leading from Ilminster two miles distant to the Forest of Roche on the West. It has about fifty houses with about 300 population and two religious edifices, one belonging to the Church of England, dedicated to S. Aldhelm, where the parents of Nicholas Norton worshipped, and a dissenting chapel of which latter named the present minister is the Rev. John W. Standerwick, a direct descendant of the Richard Standerwick, who had the business dealings with Nicholas Norton. [*Edward Poole, who was a neighbor of Nicholas Norton in Weymouth, was an emigrant from Broadway also.]

    JOHN Norton, b. abt. 1590.
    JOAN Norton, bur. 1598.
    JAMES Norton (?) bur. 1678 at Broadway.
    JOSEPH Norton, bapt. 3 Feb. 1607.
 
DNA 8629

Ancestry test

 

NICHOLAS Norton, (the emigrant).
b. 1610 Broadway, Somerset, , England
d. 1676 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA

He deposed in 1676 aged 66 years.
NICHOLAS undoubtedly found his wife Elizabeth Isaac in Weymouth, or an adjoining town after his arrival in New England, but no record of his marriage has been found and nothing to indicate her family name. They had eleven children, four sons and seven daughters; three of the former—Isaac, Joseph and Benjamin left issue and in the following genealogy their descendants will be divided for convenience sake into three "tribes" named for these three sons respectively according to seniority. By wife Elizabeth he had the following named
children:
ISAAC,2 b. 3 May 1641.
JACOB, b. 1 Mch. 1643; res. Edgartown and Barnstable. It is not known that he ever married. He was living as late as 1691 (Deeds I. 252).
ELIZABETH, b. (1646); m. JAMES PEASE (50).
HANNAH, b. (1648); m. (1) AUGUSTINE WILLIAMS of Stonington, Conn. (2) bef. 1703 _____ BROWNE of Killingworth, same state.
JOSEPH, b. Mch. 1651.
SARAH, b. (1665); m. JOHN STANBRIDGE of Newport, R. I.
PRISCILLA, b. (1666); m. JOHN BUTLER (10).
RUTH, b. (1667); m. MOSES CLEVELAND (10).
BENJAMIN, b. 1659.
ESTHER, b. (1668) ; m. (1) SAMUEL HUXFORD (1) [Contact George Ballentine for more information on this Huxford family.]; (2) JONATHAN DUNHAM (41)
MARY, b. (1666); m. THOMAS WOOLLEN (10).
   
DNA 8629

ISAAC NORTON,
b. 3 May 1641 Weymouth, Massachusetts , farmer;
d. 1723 and his estate was adm. by his son Jacob.
Inventory showed property to the value of £73-6-6, which was divided to the heirs 28 Mch 1723.
m. RUTH BAYES (10), abt. 1663, who was b. 2 July 1643.
Children:
HANNAH,3 b. (1664) ; m. JOSHUA DAGGETT (13).
ABIGAIL, b. (1666); m. (Richard?) WEEKS (5).
JACOB, b. (1668).
BENJAMIN, b. (1671).
SAMUEL, b. 1674.
SARAH, b. 1676, m. EBENEZER HAWES of Yarmouth, Mass. 22 Feb. 1699-1700.
THOMAS, b. (1678).
ISAAC, b. 1680.
RUTH, b. (1681); m. ISRAEL DAGGETT (18) 31 Jan. 1701.
JOSEPH, b. (1682).
MERCY, b. (1687); m. JAMES CLAGHORN (40) 30 Nov. 1715.

     
DNA 8629

DNA 144341
Jacob Norton
b.1668
DNA 8629

DNA 144341
Joseph Norton
b. 1682 Went to CT.
b. abt. 1682; res. E., farmer. He was known legally as Joseph "Tertia" to distinguish him from his cousin Joseph (51) Jr., during the lifetime of the latter. He was juror 1723,1732 and 1733, but he has left few other public records of his three score and ten years and more on the Vineyard. He lived on Great Neck in the southern part of the town and on 31 Jan. 1753 deeded this homestead to his only son. The name of his wife is not known but from unconfirmed records she is stated to have been Sarah Swain of Nantucket. But one child of this marriage is known, although it may be presumed there were others, perhaps daughters. Under date of Jan. 5, 1728-9, Parson Homes of Chilmark notes in his diary: "The wife of Joseph Norton of Old Town died lately." This may be his wife or of his cousin Joseph.
 
 
DNA 8629

DNA 144341
Solomon Norton Went to CT.
b. 9 Aug. 1715; res. E., farmer.
d. 28 Feb. 1812 in his 97th year.
m.1742 Deborah Smith who was b. 13 Sept. 1722.
He was sergeant of Militia in 1757. He rem. to Hebron, Conn. abt. 1771, and
The descendants of this family are to be found in Conn. and New York State.
They had the following named children:
JONATHAN,5 b. 16 Feb. 1743; m. RACHEL PHELPS; d. 20 Feb. 1840.
CATHERINE, b. 20 Oct. 1744; m. JOHN WASS (46).
ELIZABETH, b. 24 Sept. 1746; m. JOHN STEWART (93).
LOVE, b. 22 July 1750; m. PETER RIPLEY (25) 1781.
DAVID, b. 8 Feb. 1753.
JETHRO, b. 1 Jan. 1756.
ELIJAH, b. 9 Apr. 1759.
SOLOMON, b. 15 Dec. 1763.
EDWARD, b. 15 Dec. 1763.
DEBORAH, b. 3 Aug. 1768; d. unm.
The History of Martha's Vineyard
   
DNA 144341
? Connection not made.
     
DNA 144341
Morgan C Norton
b.1804 CT (1860 census)
m. Ledda
       
     

Jacob Norton
b. 1 Mar. 1643 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
d. 1691 Marthas Vineyard, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA

res. Edgartown and Barnstable. It is not known that he ever married. He was living as late as 1691 (Deeds I. 252).

       
      ELIZABETH, b. (1646); m. JAMES PEASE (50).
      HANNAH, b. (1648); m. (1) AUGUSTINE WILLIAMS of Stonington, Conn. (2) bef. 1703 _____ BROWNE of Killingworth, same state.
   
Ancestry test
JOSEPH NORTON, (Ancestry test)
b. March. 1652; res. E., gentleman.
d. 30 Jan. 1741-2
This ancestor of the second branch of the family was one of the leading citizens of the Vineyard and its first representative to the General Court of Mass. in 1692. He was sheriff of the county in 1699 and was commissioned as Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in 1702. He resided at Major's Cove near Miober's Bridge where he lived until his death, 30 Jan. 1741-2. His will 28 May 1741 was pro. 19 Oct. 1742. He was twice married (1) MARY BAYES (14) abt. 1673 and (2) ANN TRAPP (12) abt. 1702; she survived him and her will Sept. 1750 was pro. 7 Aug. 1753.
children:
By First Wife:
JOHN, b. 1674.
JOSEPH, b. (1676).
RACHEL, b. (1681); m. JOSHUA SMITH 17 JULY 1701.
LYDIA, b. (1685) ; m. RICHARD AREY (17) 6 Dec. 1705.
EBENEZER, b. 1691.
BETHIAH, b. (1693) ; m. WILLIAM MANCHESTER 16 Nov.1715.
ELIZABETH, b. (1696); m. NATHANIEL MANCHESTER 14 May 1716.
By Second Wife:
SYLVANUS, b. 22 Mch. 1703; d. Apr. 1720.
ANN, b. 9 Feb. 1705; m. JOSEPH PEASE (131).
EUNICE, b. 26 Sept. 1714.
     
Ancestry test
Ebenezer Norton
b.1674 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
d.11 Apr 1769 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
  Peter Norton
b.9 Sep 1718 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
d.3 Feb 1792 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
    Ephraim Norton
b.28 Aug 1752 Edgartown, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
d.1839 Farmington, Franklin, Maine, USA
      James Instance Norton
b.8 Mar 1783Tisbury, Dukes, Massachusetts, USA
d.1850 Farmington, Franklin, Maine, USA
        Edwin Norton father of Nordica
b.18 Dec 1818 Farmington, Franklin, Maine, USAd. 24 Dec 1880 Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
      SARAH, b. (1665); m. JOHN STANBRIDGE of Newport, R. I.
      PRISCILLA, b. (1666); m. JOHN BUTLER (10).
      RUTH, b. (1667); m. MOSES CLEVELAND (10).
      BENJAMIN NORTON, b. 1659; res. E., farmer. He m. HANNAH _____ of whose identity nothing is known nor the date of her birth or death. He d. between Nov. 1733 and Jan. of the following year. Adm. of his est. was granted at the last named date. They had the following named children:
BENJAMIN,3 b. (1686). Living 1734; perh. m. HANNAH DAGGETT (31), by whom he had a dau. Lydia.
NICHOLAS, b. (1687).
PHINEAS, b. (1689).
PRISCILLA, b. Jan. 1691; m. (1) JAMES MILLIKEN 25 Oct. 1718; (2) HENRY BUTLER (19) 30 Dec. 1747.
JACOB, b. (1693).
MATTHEW, b. 22 Apr. 1696.
ZACCHEUS, b. (1699); living 1734.
SARAH, b. (1701).
      ESTHER, b. (1668) ; m. (1) SAMUEL HUXFORD (1) [Contact George Ballentine for more information on this Huxford family.]; (2) JONATHAN DUNHAM (41)
      MARY, b. (1666); m. THOMAS WOOLLEN (10).
    ELIZABETH Norton, bapt. 1612.
       
       
 
   
 
   
     
       
         
         
JOHN, also a tanner who made his will in 1576

ROBERT NORTON, who took up his residence in the cathedral city of Wells where he followed the occupation of innholder and was at the date of his death (1590) without issue. He left considerable property to his nephews. Robert Norton of parish of S. Cuthbert, Wells, innholder, at his decease had four water mills, which he disposed of by will dated 1590, viz: two to his wife and two to his brother William.

In 37 Elizabeth (1594) Joan the widow, William and Nicholas began suit against William Norton the executor, and litigation was continued by John, the son of Nicholas. The latter had followed the prosecution of this suit for 22 years, according to the complaint of John, to the ruin of his estate and in the end "sickened & died with great greife & anguishe of mince leavinge behinde him a poor widdowe and 8 children (1616) whereof yor subject is the eldest, but not one pennye towards their reliefe & maintenance other than the hopes of the said decree, by means of whose death his wiffe & children have nott only lost a careful! pvider for them but also a possibilitie of an estate wch the said Nicholas had, after the said William the executor, worth at least 200 marks." [*Star Chamber Proceedings, (James I) 221/10, John Norton of Broadway, Chapman, plaintiff vat William Norton et als defendants. The compiler has much other material on this family, which is omitted for want of space. Doubtless the complete pedigree of this family could be worked out in England from the authors' notes.]

 


Miltary Norton Arms

Found in Gloustershire
(Related to Nortons of York)

Norton, az. three swords, conjoined at the pomels, in the fesse point, ar. pomelled gu ; on a chief of the last, a lion pass. gu. betw. two maunches erm.

Norton az. three swords, in triangle, pomel to pomel, ar.

Found in Suffolk
(Related to Nortons of York)

Norton, az. three swords, conjoined at the pomels, in the fesse point, ar. pomelled or ; on a chief of the last, a lion pass. gu. betw. two maunches

Norton, az. three swords, in triangle, ar. hilts or ; on a chief of the third, a lion pass. betw. two maunches, sa.

Norton, gu. three swords, conjoined by the pomels, in triangle, ar. hilts or.

Found in Norfolk and Suffolk

az. three swords, one in pale, point upwards, surmounted of the other two, in saltier, points downwards, ar.

NORTON of Claines, Worcester
Azure three swords one in pale point upwards the others in saltire points downwards argent on a chief of the last a lion passant of the first

 

William Norton of Claines, Worcester
High Sheriff in the 12th of Queen Anne (Related to Nortons of York)
three daggers hilts in point fesse in chief a lion passant between two maunches
Pcnn MS Nash
NORTON
Azure three swords one in pale point upwards the others in saltire points downwards the dexter surmounting the others argent on a chief of the second three gauntlets erect proper Penn MS
Norton, [Coventry, Warwick.] .., three swords, their pomels conjoined, and points extending to the corners of the escutcheon .. ; in chief a lion pass. ... Norton, [Berks.] gu. three pheons, in pale, the middlemost point downwards, ar. •  


Found in Yorkshire
and Fulton co. Middlesex

Found in Glouster

Three swords in a triangle pomel to pomel argent, hilts or, on a chief or a lion pass. gu between two manches ermine
Sir Sampson Norton
County Glouchester

The arms of Sampson Norton,
Knight, Master of the Ordinances of War to Henry VIII

NORTON SIR SAMPSON d 1617 surveyor of the ordnance and marshal of Tournay was related to the Norton family of Yorkshire a member of which a rebel of 1569 was called Sampson Norton He was early engaged in the service of Edward IV and was knighted in Brittany by Lord Brooke about 1483 probably during the preparation for war caused by the English dislike of the Franco Burgundian alliance. In 1486 he was custumer at Southampton and 6 Aug 1486 was appointed a commissioner to inquire what wool and woolfels were exported from Chichester without the king's license. The same year he received the manor of Tarrant Launceston in Dorset in tail male. Machado met him in Brittany in 1490. He was also serjeant porter of Calais and in office during the affair of John Flamank and Sir Hugh Conway. see NANFAN SIB RICHARD In 1492 he was one of those who received the French ambassadors in connection with the Treaty of Etaples. In 1494 he was present at the tournaments held when Prince Henry was created a knight. On 10 April 1495 he became constable of Flint Castle and the office was renewed to him on 23 Jan 1508-1509. In 1509 he was created chamberlain of North Wales He distinguished himself in Henry VIII's French wars holding as he had held under Henry VII the office of surveyorof the ordnance an important position involving the control of a number of clerks and servants He may have been a yeoman of the guard in 1511 In 1512 he was taken prisoner at Arras and after some difficulty was set free In February 1514 6 he was marshal of Tournay and was nearly killed in a mutiny of the soldiers who wanted their pay On 11 Sept 1516 hé became chamberlain of the exchequer Norton died Feb 15, 1617 and was buried at All Saints Fulham where there was a monument with an inscription now defaced. He married an illegitimate daughter of Lord Zouch. Sampson Norton signed his will 1612 at Fulham, Middlesex.

Letters &c Richard III and Hen VII ed Gairdncr Rolls Ser i 231 238 404 Jlater for Hist of Hen VII ed Campbell Rolls Ser i 439 524 ii 409 532 562 Memorials of Hen VII ed tìairdnerl Rolls Ser pp 376 382 Chron of Calais Camd Soc Lettcrsand Papers Hen Vili 15U9 17 Notes and Queries 7th ser viii 9 133 215 Hutchins's Dorset W.A. 3 A

Sr Sampson Norton knight b and Dame Elizabeth his wyffe base d to L Zouche who died 1517 He was Mr of ye Ordinance of warre to K.H. 8 Arms I Gu three swords ar their pomels meeting in fess point or on a chief or a lion passant gu between two maunches ermine Crest on a wreath a demi dragon holding a sword II The same impaling Gu twelve bezants and a canton enn over all a bend sinister az The Topographer and Genealogist By John Gough Nichols

Sir Sampson NORTON (ca.1450-1517)
1475Collector of petty customs in Hampshire. (H.P.pp.641-2)
1487M.P.Southampton. (ibid.)
20 Jun.1490 Knighted. (ibid.)
1492 Sent to Brittany as a commander. (ibid.)
He was at the reception for the French Ambassador. (ibid.)
1494 At York’s creation. (ibid.)
5 Nov. Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset. (C.F.R.1485-1509 p.214)
12 Nov. Appointed Master of the Ordnance. (H.P.pp.641-2)
1494-1516 Porter of Calais. (ibid.)
1495 Chamberlain of the Exchequer. (ibid.)
Constable of Flint Castle. (C.D.N.B.p.956)
1495-1509 Knight of the Body. (H.P.pp.641-2)
1509 At the funeral of Henry Tudor. (ibid.)
Chamberlain of North Wales. (C.D.N.B.p.956)
1512-15 Marshal of Calais. (H.P.pp.641-2)
1512-16 Fought in France; captured at Arras. (ibid.)
1515 Marshal of Tournay. (C.D.N.B.p.956)
1516 Chamberlain of the Exchequer. (ibid.)
Feb.1517 Died. (H.P.pp.641-2)

NORTON SIR SAMPSON d 1517 surveyor of the ordnance and marshal of Tournay was related to the Norton family of Yorkshire a member of which a rebel of 1569 was called Sampson Norton He was early engaged in the service of Edward IV and was knighted in Brittany by Lord Brooke about 1483 probably during the preparation for war caused by the English dislike of the Franco Burgundian alliance In 1486 he was custumer at Southampton and 6 Aug 1486 was appointed a commissioner to inquire what wool and woolfels were exported from Chichester without the king's license The same year he received the manor of Tarrant Launceston in Dorset in tail male Machado met him in Brittany in 1490 He was also serjeant porter of Calais and in office during the affair of John Flamank and Sir Hugh Conway see NANFAN SIB RICHARD In 1492 he was one of those who received the French ambassadors in connection with the Treaty of Etaples In 1494 he was present at the tournaments held when Prince Henry was created a knight On 10 April 1495 he became constable of Flint Castle and the office was renewed to him on 23 Jan 1508 1509 In 1509 he was created chamberlain of North Wales He distinguished himself in Henry VIII's French wars holding as he had held under Henry VII the office of sur veyorof the ordnance an important position involving the control of a number of clerks and servants He may have been a yeoman of the guard in 1511 In 1512 he was taken prisoner at Arras and after some difficulty was set free In February 1514 6 he was marshal of Tournay and was nearly killed in a mutiny of the soldiers who wanted their pay On 11 Sept 1516 hé became chamberlain of the exchequer Norton died 8 Feb 1516 17 and was buried at All Saints Fulham where there was a monument with an inscription now defaced He married an illegitimate daughter of Lord Zouche Another Samp sonNorton was a vintner in Calais in 1528 and his house was assigned to the French for lodgings in 1532 Letters &c Richard III and Hen VII ed Gairdncr Rolls Ser i 231 238 404 Jlater for Hist of Hen VII ed Campbell Rolls Ser i 439 524 ii 409 532 562 Memorials of Hen VII ed tìairdnerl Rolls Ser pp 376 382 Chron of Calais Camd Soc Lettcrsand Papers Hen Vili 15U9 17 Notes and Queries 7th ser viii 9 133 215 Hutchins's Dorset W.A. 3 A
Dictionary of National Biography By LESLIE. STEPHEN

Found in Suffolk

Related to Nortons of York, specifically to Sampson Norton.

Norton, [Suff.] ar. on a chev. engr. gu. betw. three fleurs- de-lis az. as many ermine spots or; on a chief of the third, two swords, in saltier, of the first, betw. as many maunches erm.—Crest, a hare, sejant, gu. in grass vert.


 

 


Norton Berks
gu three pheons in pale the middlemost point downwards ar

Norton Devonshire
ar a bar dancettée gu in chief two martlets sa

Norton Ireland
gu a cross pattée erm Crest a spur rowel az betw two wings or

Norton Northwood Kent
gu a cross potent erm Crest a wolf's head erased

Sheriffs in Kent -Sir John Norton of Northwood, in Milton, in the 5th year. Henry VIII
Sir Thomas Norton of Bobbing and Northwood, in Milton, in the 17th year. James I

The Lady Dionisia died in 1404 and by her will desired to be buried here in the Chapel of St Mary the Virgin Her will was dated April 23rd 1404 and was proved on the 16th of September following by her executor John Cely Sir Richard atte Lese left no children and the manor went ultimately to John Norton who had married Sir Richard's niece and heiress Lucy daughter of Marcellus atte Lese The Atte Lese arms gules a cross crosslet ermine seem to have been adopted by the Norton family these arms remain still in a north window of the north chantry they are four or five times in that window

By the marriage of Thomas son of William Norton of Faversham to Beatrix daughter and heir of William Beverley this estate (Tancrea Island) passed to the Nortons

The Manor of Bonnington, alias Singleton, originally belonged to the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem and later became the property of Roger Bregland or Brasland as the name is sometimes spelt, who had good estates in East Kent. "They bore the arms sable 3, Cocks argent, which coat is probably the Cobbes, who were descended from the female line of this family and in some measure, took the arms they bore from viz. argent, a chevron between three cocks gules." Roger Bregland had married Dionisia, daughter and heir of Bonnington, of this parish, by whom she had one son, Roger. She survived him and afterwards married John Cobbes of Nevmburcb and entitled him to the lands of her inheritance in the parish, of which the Manor does not seem to have been a part, but to have been purchased by him before - most probably of her former husband. He died possessed of it in the 13th year of King Edward IV, 1472 and. by his will, divided it to Edward, his second son, remainder to his eldest son William successively in tailmale, the former who dying without issue, the latter succeeding to it and left three sons, Gervase, Edward and George, the eldest of whom was of Newchurch, and on his fathers death became possessed of it, and dying without issue in 1512 gave all his estates to his two brothers of whom Edward, the eldest, held the manor, of which he died seized in 11 Henry VIIIth, then holding it in "capite" which Anne or Alice, for she is called by both names, only daughter and heir of his son Edward. Alice married, first Sir Thomas Norton and afterwards John Cobham, alias Brooke, third son of George, Lord Cobhmn, died 1580 buried at Newington Church, with Alice who is also buried there where there is a brass memorial to her. The estate was carried in marriage to Sir John Norton of Northwood Kent, by whom he had a son Thomas, whose grandson Sir Thomas Norton of Northwood Kent, in the beginning of King James I reign, alienated; and to White whose son seems to have sold it toValentine Knight of Sellinge."

Thomas Norton nephew of John Norton of Northwood in Milton by his wife Beatrix Beverley was the father of Valentine Norton Mayor in 1552 and 1562 and Valentine by his wife Isabella Hodgson had a sou Thomas Norton who was Mayor in 1617 Aphra daughter of the last named Thomas Norton married Henry Hawkins of Nash Court in Boughton Bleat and died in 1605 6 aged 21 There is in Fordwich Church a monumental brass to her memory Her father Mayor in 1617 died in 1625

In May 1584 John Cobham is named amongst the commoners as the Master in the County of Kent, He married Alice, daughter and heir of Edward Cobbe Esq., widow of Sir John Norton or Northwood, Knight. He died in September 25th 1594

 

 

 

??????
Westminster Abbey. A memorial for Dame Grace Gethin (c1677 - 1697) is on wall of the South Choir Aisle in Westminster Abbey. An annual sermon is still preached in her name, as she left a sum of money for that purpose.

To the pious memory of Dame Grace Gethin, wife of Sir Richard Gethin of Gethin Grott in Ireland, Baronnet, Daughter of Sir George Norton and Granddaughter of Sir George Norton, Knights, and great granddaughter of Sir William Owen of Salop, Sir Thomas Freak of Dorset and Sir Thomas Culpeper of Kent, Knights. Obiit 11 Oct 1697 at age 21.

Richard Norton of Waddeworth, york (1357) sealed with arms of : A lion dormant.

 



The British herald, or Cabinet of armorial bearings of the nobility & gentry ...
by Thomas Robson - 1830
Below is a new list of Norton arms that I have not processed yet.

Gules
Norton, gu. a chev. betw. three cross crosslets, or.

Norton, [Northwood, Kent] gu. a cross, potent, ermine.- Crest, a wolf's head, erased.

Norton, gu. a cross, potent, ermines.

Norton, gu. a cross formée erm.

Norton, [Ireland] gu. a cross pattée ern.—Crest, a spur- rowel az. betw. two wings or.

Norton, [Priory] gu. a pale fusily or, within a bordure az. mitry or.

Norton, De, gu. a pale fusily or.

Norton, gu. three fleurs-de-lis or.

Norton, gu. on a fesse erm. betw. three bugle-horns, stringed ar. as many boar heads, erased, or.

Argent

Norton, ar. a chev. betw. three crows' heads, erased, sa.

Norton, ar. a chev. gu. betw. three crows' heads, erased, sa.

Norton, ar. a chev. betw. three hinds, sa.

Norton, ar. on a canton vert, a liou ramp. or.

 

Vert
Norton, vert, a lion ramp, within a bordure engr. or.—
Crest, a griffin's head or.

Pile
Norton, ar. three piles, issuaut, in bend, points flory, sa. a fleur-de-lis of the second for diff.

Norton, or, a pile, triple pointed, flory, sa. issuing from the dexter chief, bendways.

Norton, quarterly; first and fourth, sa. a pile, triple pointed, flory, ar. issuing out of the sinister base, bendways ; second and third, ar.


other

Norton, az. on a fesse betw. three (Another, six) cross crosslets or, as many escallops gu.

Norton, [London, 1611 ; and Stretten, Salop] or, two bars gu. ; on a chief az. an escutcheon erm.—Crest, a wreath of laurel vert, tied with a ribbon gu. betw. two wings, expanded, or.

Norton, [Southcreak, Norfolk.] sa. three covered cups or, within a bordure engr. ar.

Norton, [Devons.] ar. a bar, dancettée, gu. ; in chief two martlets sa.

Norton, erm. on a chief, indented, gu. three ducal crowns or, within a bordure sa.


(source) between 1298 and 1418

Norton Sir John of Kent H vL Roll bore gules a cross potent ermine
(Arundel Roll 1413 Arundel Herald of Arms Extraordinary is a supernumerary Officer of Arms in England. Though a royal herald, Arundel is not a member of the College of Arms, and was originally a private herald in the household of Thomas Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel. He is known to have served the Earl both in Portugal in 1413 and later in France, where he attended his dying master in October 1415.)

cross potent

Norton Richard E L Roll bore argent three cushions sable
(Jenyn Roll 1471 (Edw IV) William Jenyns Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms of the College of Arms. The office is named after St George's Cross which has been a symbol of England since the time of the Crusades.)

Norton Robert de E L Roll bore sable three piles floretee at the points issuant from the sinister argent F
(Jenyn Roll 1471)

Norton Or three Piles in Bend each point enseigned with a Fleur de lis Sable borne by the name of Norton


Norton Sir Robert de bore at the batle of Boroughbridge 1322 argent a chevron between three buckles sable tongues to the base in the Ashmole MS F

Robert de Norton fought on the Kings side
and signed up for the battle Jan 15,1322 at Shrewsbury under Peter de Duvedale
also signed under Peter de Duvedale
Phillip Joce
John de Chaumpaigne

Gilbert son of Philip Destre
John son of Philip Patemere


Norton Roger lC in Roll bore argent a ehevron between three cushions sable ( RlCHARD bore this without the chevron as above )
Jenyns Ordinary

 


Nortons associated with spice trade

1100 Europe Crusades stimulated interest in spices
1179 Guild of Pepperers founded in London; Pipe Rolls Inported from REd Sea
Easterlings of Soper Lane and Spicers of the Ward of Chepe
1200 England Guild of Pepperers established; merged with Spicers
1345 Edward extorts loan from Lombards for wars in France. Causes Lombards to fail and devestates Pepperers (they relied on links with Lombard, Italy)
until 1373 they bore the title of Fraternity of St Anthony.

The Pepperers were also correspondents of the Italian bankers and merchants of Siena Lucca and Florence and were probably concerned with the transmission of Papal revenues collected in England by the Pope's instruments the preaching and begging friars The Eastern trade also brought Lombard merchants to London and by the year 1250 these merchants were firmly established in Lombard Street to which they gave its name In 1338 Edward III being in urgent need of money for his wars in France extorted a large loan from the Lombards within his dominions This eventually caused the ruin of the Italian merchants of Lombard Street The greatest of them the Bardi and Peruzzi held out to the last and failed in January 1345 This was a very severe blow to the Pepperers and their allies in trade with the East and from this time the name Pepperers ceases to bo distinctive of a guild but on the 9th of May in the same year some twenty Pepperers of Soper's Lane of good condition undaunted by their trade reverses met to continue

St Anthony was the founder of lay monastic orders His disciples earned their own living us traders They extended their trading establishments from Egypt nnd Constantinople throngh Lombard and Gaul to England and there is reason to believe that the quay or wharf known in later times as the steelyard was originally a monastery of the lay monks of St Anthony and that those muuks are meant by the term Merchants of the Steelyard These merchants of the steelyard paid toll to the king in kind the toll being a certain quantity of pepper They are also called Easterlings which is clearly a form of the word oesterlich and probably meant Men of the East or Men of the Eastern Emperor i.e. the Emperor of Constantinople The Easterlings introduced improvements in coining from Constantinople and gave their name to the new sterling money first made in England A.D. 1180 to take the place of the debased currency just as the florin of gold was so called from the Florentines who introduced it


1376 No one was admitted to the Company with out common consent.
1428 Company of Grocers Henry VII granted charter
1400 England Spicers Guild became Grocers Company Portugal Henry the Navigator stimulates sea discoveries

1800 Pepper trade with East Indies makes millionaires in Salem, MA
In early 11th century King Ethelred collected toll in the form of bags of pepper from ships that landed at Billingsgate.
The statutes of Ethelred (978-1016), provide the earliest reference to a pepper trade in England, stipulating that ‘Esterlings’ who brought their ships up the River Thames to Billingsgate should pay a toll at Christmas and Easter, together with 10lb of pepper.
In 1204, the Venetians, who were supposed to transport the Fourth Crusade against Muslim Egypt, persuaded the penniless crusaders to loot the Christian city of Constantinople instead, wresting control of the spice trade for Venice in payment.

Pepperer in Soper Lane or a Spicer of Cheap in good standing.
Pepperers Guild traded with spain in the 12th century. Henry II's daughter married Alphonso VIII of Castille in 1169.


The second event that changed the Norvile family fortune was its association with Guild of Pepperers.

The timeline looks like this:

1066 AD William conquers England.

1069 AD Novile is sent to Durham and York to demonstrate Norman values.

1086 AD William's census of everything he conquered in England is finished. the record is called the Doomsday book.

1096 AD The first Crusade.

1099 AD Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. Pepper, cinnamon and other spices begin flowing into Europe and England.

1180 the Guild of Pepperers is fined by Henry II for not having a charter to do business.

This guild is one of the earliest of the 12 powerful guilds of London and undoubtably was established well before 1180, almost certainly as a consequence of discovering pepper during the Crusades. From the beginning, these guilds controlled the flow of pepper and other spice into England. By 1328 the guild had been formally registered as an importer of spices in large, or gross, amounts: its members were called grossarii, from which comes the modern word grocer. The spicers and pepperers guild was granted a charter by Henry VI as "The Grocery company" to sell wholesale-vendre en gros and to manage the trade in spices, drugs, and dye stuffs. This organization was given the exclusive power to "garble," that is, to cleanse, separate, and select spices and medicinal products. St. Anthony was the patron saint of the spicers, pepperers, and grocers.The City Companies were an autocracy, but, given the conditions of the time, they were a benevolent autocracy, and the guilds laid the foundations of the vast commercial wealth which has made London what she is. For centuries the Lord Mayor, their civic head, has been chosen almost always from amongst the members of the twelve great companies, and enjoys a prestige abroad only second to that of the king.

In England a pound of pepper was a commonly accepted form of rent from land tenants. The term ‘peppercorn rent’ started off meaning that such a contract was taken very seriously based on the cost of a given weight of peppercorns per year, which were very expensive. Pepper was considered as a more stable form of currency than money. In the 13th century a pound of pepper cost the equivalent of 60 U.S. cents in Marseilles but over $1 in England. Peppercorns, counted out one by one, were accepted as currency to pay taxes, tolls, and rents, partly because of a shortage of gold and silver coins. Many European towns kept their accounts in pepper. Fortunate brides received pepper as a dowry.

All of this is to illustrate the importance of Norvile controlling the pepper and spice trade. The significance of the pepper trade suggests that the Norvile's were sea going traders or had significant connections with them. One of the most striking Norton coat-of-arms is the Nortons of Hants/Portsmouth. It bears scallops and crosses and a crest with a Moors head. All of these denote service in the crusades and extensive sea travel. Many of the Norton arms bear chevrons which is had in common with the Grocery Company of London as well as the griffin.